Wednesday, June 18, 2014

12 List On K12

  1. K–12 (spoken as "k twelve", "k through twelve", or "k to twelve") is a designation for the sum of primary and secondary education and is an expression which is a shortening of kindergarten (K) for 4- to 6-year-olds through twelfth grade (12) for 17- to 19-year-olds.
  2. Republic Act No. 10533
    • Short Title: Enhanced Basic Education Act of 2013
    • Long Title: AN ACT ENHANCING THE PHILIPPINE BASIC EDUCATION SYSTEM BY STRENGTHENING ITS CURRICULUM AND INCREASING THE NUMBER OF YEARS FOR BASIC EDUCATION, APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFOR AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
  3. RA 10533 is a consolidation of Senate Bill No. 3286 and House Bill No. 6643 passed by the Senate and the House of Representatives on January 30, 2013.
  4. Passed into law on 15 MAY 2013 by President Benigno S. Aquino III.
  5. The roll-out periods for the different levels are as follows:
    • Universal Kindergarten began in School Year 2011-–2012;
    • Grade 1 and Grade 7 (1st Year Junior High School) was rolled in School Year 2012–-2013;
    • Grade 11 will be introduced in School Year 2016-–2017; and
    • Grade 12 will be rolled out in School Year 2017-–2018.
  6. The first batch of high school students to go through K to 12 will graduate in March 2018. The country’s first batch of graduates of the Senior High School Program came from the University of Makati (UMak) on 12 April 2014.
  7. The main purpose of K-12 is to enhance the basic education curriculum.
  8. The idea of adding years is not new because there are records that will show that as early as 1925, there were already efforts to improve the basic education curriculum and recommendations but were never push through.
  9. K-12 simply means extending basic education by two years wherein a high school student will graduate at 16 (years old), we will have high schoolers graduating at 18.”
  10. The addition of two (2) years will be called Senior High School and is a specialized upper secondary education. The subjects for these years are divided into two:
    1. CORE CURRICULUM - Composed of six (6) subjects:
      • Humanities
      • Languages (English and/or Filipino)
      • Math
      • Philosophy
      • Science
      • Social Sciences
    2. CAREER PATHWAYS - Choice of five (5) tracks:
      • Business and Entrepreneurship
      • Humanities and Social Sciences
      • Science, Technology, and Engineering
      • Sports
      • Technical-Vocational
  11. The benefits of the K-12 program are:
    • improve kindergartners’ readiness for primary grades;
    • decongest the country’s 10-year curriculum cycle;
    • equip high school students for college/university education
    • prepare high school graduates for the world  of work after graduation; and
    • give Filipino professionals better recognition internationally because it is also a standard for recognition of students and/or professionals abroad (i.e., the Bologna Process (http://www.ehea.info/) for the European Union and the Washington Accord (http://www.washingtonaccord.org/) for the United States).
  12. The Philippines is the last country in Asia and one of only three countries worldwide (the other two being Angola and Djibouti) with a 10-year pre-university cycle.
Implementation of The K to 12 Basic Education Program. Photo from Official Gazette


References:

What is the K to 12 Program?
A Look At The Education System In Two Different Countries
University of Makati produces PHL’s first batch of K-12 graduates
A Primer on the New K-12 Philippine Education Curriculum
Miriam College is K-12 Ready
Why does the Philippines Need the K-12 Education System?
THE K TO 12 BASIC EDUCATION PROGRAM
DepEd seeks specialized high school programs under K-12
PNoy signs Ehnanced Basic Education Act of 2013 (RA 10533)

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