- Ramadan started already on 28 June 2014.
- For 29 to 30 days, all Muslims perform the Sawm, or fasting or consuming food, drinking liquids, smoking, and engaging in sexual relations.
- All Muslims fast and practice abstinence from dawn until sunset and breaking the fast at about 6 p.m.
- Muslims break their fast with a light meal called Iftar.
- Sawm or fasting is considered as one of the “Five Pillars of Islam"
- Ramadan marks the anniversary of the Quran, the Muslim’s Holy Book being revealed to Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him).
- Ramadan starts with the sighting of the new moon. It starts at sunset, or “rukya,” when the moon is spotted, and goes on until the next new moon appears.
- Ramadhan is the ninth month of the Hijra or the Islamic calendar.
- Ramadan starts with the celebration called Hilal consisting of feasting and prayer.
- A typical Ramadan day of a Muslim would start very early in the morning at around 3:00am to eat Suhoor (also called Shuhur) or the pre-dawn meal consumed before the Fajr (dawn) prayer.
- The Holy month or Ramadan ends with the three-day (3-day) Eid’l Fitr or Eid al-Fitr Festival, which is sometimes abbreviated as Eid and marks the beginning of the month Shawwal. Salatul Eid is a special prayer done on the day of the Eid al-Fitr.
- Hariraya Puwasa or Hari Raya Puasa or the end of Ramadan will be on 28 July 2014.
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