Saturday, September 27, 2014

Miguel Malvar

  1. Miguel Malvar y Carpio was born on 27 September 1865 in New York street in Cubao, Quezon City, to Maximo Malvar (locally known as Capitan Imoy) and Tiburcia Carpio (locally known as Capitana Tibo).
  2. In 1891, Malvar married Paula Maloles who was the beautiful daughter of the capitan municipal of Santo Tomas, Don Ambrocio Maloles. Ulay, as she was locally known, bore Malvar thirteen (13) children, but only eleven (11) of them survived: Bernabe, Aurelia, Marciano, Maximo, Crispina, Mariquita, Luz Constancia, Miguel (Junior), Pablo, Paula, and Isabel. Malvar had the habit of bringing his family with him as he went to battled during the Philippine Revolution and the Philippine-American War. 
  3. General Malvar assumed command of the Philippine revolutionary forces when Emilio Aguinaldo surrendered to the Americans in 1901.
  4. General Malvar surrended to General J. Franklin Bell on 13 April 1902 mainly due to desertion of his top officers and to put an end to the sufferings of his countrymen.
  5. After the war, General Malvar refused any position which the Americans offered him and he died in Manila on 13 October 1911 due to liver failure.
  6. General Malvar was buried in his hometown, Santo Tomas, Batangas on 15 October 1911.
  7. According to some historians, he could have been listed as one of the presidents of the Philippines but is currently not recognized as such by the Philippine government.
  8. Malvar, Batangas is a second (2nd) class municipality which was named in honor of the late General Miguel Malvar.
  9. Malvar, Batangas was created a municipality by virtue of a proclamation by the acting Governor General of the Philippines Honorable Charles B. Yeater, on the 16th of December 1918. The proclamation took effect on 10 January 1919 and on the same day the municipality was inaugurated. Luta was Malvar's old name before it became a municipality.
  10. The Miguel Malvar class corvette was named after General Malvar which is a ship class of patrol corvettes of the Philippine Navy and are currently its oldest class of corvettes.
  11. On 18 September 2007 Congressman Rodolfo Valencia of Oriental Mindoro filed House Bill 2594 declaring General Malvar as the second Philippine President, alleging that it is incorrect to consider Manuel L. Quezon as the Second President of the Philippine Republic serving after Emilio Aguinaldo: "General Malvar took over the revolutionary government after General Emilio Aguinaldo, first President of the Republic, was captured on March 23, 1901, and [was] exiled in Hong Kong by the American colonial government---since he was next in command." Also, in October 2011, Vice President Jejomar Binay sought the help of historians in proclaiming revolutionary General Miguel Malvar as the rightful second President of the Philippines.

Miguel Malvar
Malvar, Batangas
Proclamation No. 853, s. 2014

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