Tuesday, February 28, 2017

February 28 is World Tailors Day


  1. World Tailors Day is celebrated on February 28 in honor of Sir William Elias Howe who was the inventor of the sewing machine that used the lock stitch loop method in the year 1845.
  2. Types Of Sewing Machines According to Place Of Use
    1. Industrial Sewing Machine
    2. Home or Domestic Sewing Machine
  3. The motors in the industrial machines have separate components and mounted to the underside of the table. They have usually two types of motors:
    1. Servo motor – These use less electricity and silent when not in use.
    2. Clutch Motor – It always spins even when not in use.
  4. The industrial sewing machines are mainly 4 types according to the design of their arm and needle post. They are:
    1. Flat Bed
    2. Post Bed
    3. Cylinder Bed
    4. Off the arm
  5. The sewing machines also classified according to the functions and facilities available, which are:
    1. Manual Sewing Machine
    2. Electric Sewing Machine
    3. Computerized Sewing machine
    4. Over Locker Sewing Machine
  6. Sewing machines also being divided into 8 types according to their functions means types of stitches they make. These are:
    1. Lockstitch Machine
    2. Overedging machine
    3. Embroidery Machine
    4. Button Holler Machine
    5. Button Attachment Machine
    6. Double Needle Machine
    7. Bar tacking sewing machine
  7. In 1790, the English inventor Thomas Saint invented the first sewing machine design, but he did not successfully advertise or market his invention. His machine was meant to be used on leather and canvas material. 
  8. In 1804, a sewing machine was built by the Englishmen Thomas Stone and James Henderson, and a machine for embroidering was constructed by John Duncan in Scotland.
  9. An Austrian tailor, Josef Madersperger, began developing his first sewing machine in 1807. He presented his first working machine in 1814.
  10. The first practical and widely used sewing machine was invented by Barthélemy Thimonnier, a French tailor, in 1829. His machine sewed straight seams using chain stitch like Saint's model, and in 1830, he signed a contract with Auguste Ferrand, a mining engineer, who made the requisite drawings and submitted a patent application. The patent for his machine was issued on 17 July 1830, and in the same year, he opened (with partners) the first machine-based clothing manufacturing company in the world to create army uniforms for the French Army. However, the factory was burned down, reportedly by workers fearful of losing their livelihood following the issuing of the patent.
  11. The first machine to combine all the disparate elements of the previous half-century of innovation into the modern sewing machine was the device built by English inventor John Fisher in 1844, thus a little earlier than the very similar machines built by the infamous Isaac Merritt Singer in 1851, and the lesser known Elias Howe, in 1845. However, due to the botched filing of Fisher's patent at the Patent Office, he did not receive due recognition for the modern sewing machine in the legal disputations of priority with Singer, and it was Singer who won the benefits of the patent.
  12. Elias Howe, born in Spencer, Massachusetts, created his sewing machine in 1845, using a similar method to Fisher's except that the fabric was held vertically. An important improvement on his machine was to have the needle running away from the point, starting from the eye. After a lengthy stay in England trying to attract interest in his machine, he returned to America to find various people infringing his patent, among them Isaac Merritt Singer. He eventually won a case for patent infringement in 1854, and was awarded the right to claim royalties from the manufacturers using ideas covered by his patent, including Singer.
References:

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Tailors_Day#Types_of_tailoring
http://thefinestthread.com/different-types-of-sewing-machines-explained/
http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-andhrapradesh/world-tailors-day-celebrated/article4464838.ece
http://www.createandcraft.com/gb/types-of-sewing-machines
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sewing_machine

No comments:

Post a Comment