Tuesday, April 11, 2017

12 Trivia Facts About James Parkinson

  1. James Parkinson was born on 11 April 1755 in Shoreditch, London, England.
  2. He was the son of John Parkinson, an apothecary and surgeon practising in Hoxton Square in London.
  3. He was the oldest of three siblings, which included his brother William and his sister Mary Sedgewood.
  4. On 21 May 1783, he married Mary Dale, with whom he subsequently had eight children; two did not survive past childhood. Soon after he was married, Parkinson succeeded his father in his practice in 1 Hoxton Square.
  5. In 1784 Parkinson was approved by the City of London Corporation as a surgeon.
  6. In 1812 Parkinson assisted his son with the first described case of appendicitis in English, and the first instance in which perforation was shown to be the cause of death.
  7. Parkinson was the first person to systematically describe six individuals with symptoms of the disease that bears his name. Jean-Martin Charcot coined the term "Parkinson's disease" some 60 years later.
  8. Parkinson belonged to a school of thought, Catastrophism, that concerned itself with the belief that the Earth's geology and biosphere were shaped by recent large-scale cataclysms.
  9. He died on 21 December 1824 after a stroke that interfered with his speech, bequeathing his houses in Langthorne to his sons and wife and his apothecary's shop to his son, John.
  10. His collection of organic remains was given to his wife and much of it went on to be sold in 1827, a catalogue of the sale has never been found.
  11. He was buried at St. Leonard's Church, Shoreditch and Parkinson's life is commemorated with a stone tablet inside the church of St Leonard's, Shoreditch, where he was a member of the congregation; the exact site of his grave is not known and his body may lie in the crypt or in the churchyard.
  12. There is no known portrait of him: a photograph, sometimes published and identified as of him, is of a dentist of the same name, but this James Parkinson died before photography was invented.


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