Sunday, December 6, 2015

Miss Earth's Firsts

  1. The first Miss Earth beauty pageant was launched by Carousel Productions in 2001 to actively promote the preservation of the environment. 
  2. Miss Afghanistan 2003 Vida Samadzai was the first candidate of Miss Earth to win the special award "Beauty for a Cause" and she helped in establishing a US-based women's charity that seeks to raise awareness of women's rights and education in Afghanistan.
    Samadzai was the first Afghan woman to compete in an international beauty pageant in almost three decades, but the fact that she wore a red bikini caused an uproar in her native country.
  3. Brazil became the first country to have a winner in all four major international pageants when Priscilla Meirelles won the title in 2004.
    The following year, Alexandra Braun completed the grand slam for Venezuela.
  4. Miss Earth also made headlines in 2005 when a Pakistani beauty queen, Naomi Zaman, a Miss Pakistan World winner participated for the first time.
    She is the first delegate from Pakistan to compete in any major international pageants. Beauty pageants are frowned-upon in Pakistan.
  5. Miss Tibet Earth 2006 Tsering Chungtak was the first Tibetan who represented Tibet in any major international beauty pageants made headlines.
     Aside from her environmental cause, she raised international attention regarding the Tibetan struggle for freedom. She also advocated for the boundaries of acceptable social etiquette towards modernity, in a traditionally conservative Tibetan culture, where most grown women wear ankle-length dresses. Nevertheless, her participation in the pageant received an approval from the Dalai Lama and she made more headlines in December 2007, when she withdrew her participation in the Miss Tourism contest, a minor international beauty pageant held in Malaysia, after organizers reacted to pressure from Beijing and asked her to add "China" to her "Miss Tibet" title by wearing a sash labeled "Miss Tibet-China".
  6. Miss Earth made history in 2007 when delegates from China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan, and Tibet competed altogether for the first time in any international pageant notwithstanding its international conflict.
  7. On 9 November 9, 2008, the pageant was held for the first time outside Metropolitan Manila. It was held at the Clark Expo Amphitheater in Angeles City, Pampanga and in 2008, the Buddhist Kingdom of Bhutan, one of the world's most isolated nations, sent its first Miss Bhutan, Tsokye Tsomo Karchun.
    Rwanda also sent its first ever Miss Rwanda national winner, Cynthia Akazuba
    following a month after Rwanda became the first country in history to elect a national legislature in which a majority of members were women in September 2008, both of them competed at the Miss Earth 2008 pageant.
  8. The coronation night venue for Miss Earth 2009 was held at the Boracay Ecovillage Resort and Convention Center in the Island of Boracay, Philippines which was the first time that the pageant was held outside Luzon Island. 
  9. The coronation night venue for Miss Earth 2010 was held at the Vinpearl Land Amphitheater at Nha Trang, Vietnam which was the the first time that the pageant was held outside the Philippines. 
  10. Miss Earth 2015, the 15th edition of the Miss Earth pageant, held on 5 December 2015 at Marx Halle, Vienna, Austria was the first time that the pageant was held outside the continental Asia and the first Miss Earth pageant that was held in Europe, concurrent with the United Nations Climate Change Summit in France. 
  11. Philippines is the first country to win the Miss Earth crown thrice (2008, 2014 and 2015), and the first country to win back-to-back titles (2014 and 2015). The first back-to-back win for any country in Miss Earth history and the first time after 6 years when Venezuela won the Miss Universe titles back-to-back (2008 and 2009) was the crowning of
    Angelia Ong of the Philippines by her predecessor,
    Jamie Herrell of the Philippines, Miss Earth 2014. 
  12. Brazil is the first country to win the Miss Earth crown twice (2004 and 2009). Followed by Venezuela in 2005 and 2013.

Tuesday, November 24, 2015

Lucy Australopithecus

  1. Lucy was found by Donald Johanson and Tom Gray on the 24 November 1974, at the site of Hadar in Ethiopia when they had taken an alternate route on their way back using a Land Rover.
  2. The skeleton was given the name “Lucy” during a celebration in the night of November 24, and the Beatles’ song “Lucy in the Sky With Diamonds” was playing over and over. 
  3. The term hominid refers to a member of the zoological family Hominidae which encompasses all species originating after the human/African ape ancestral split, leading to and including all species of Australopithecus and Homo although these species differ in many ways, they share a suite of characteristics that define them as a group and the most conspicuous of these traits is bipedal locomotion, or walking upright.
  4. As in a modern human’s skeleton, Lucy's bones are rife with evidence clearly pointing to bipedality. Her distal femur shows several traits unique to bipedality. The shaft is angled relative to the condyles (knee joint surfaces), which allows bipeds to balance on one leg at a time during locomotion. There is a prominent patellar lip to keep the patella (knee cap) from dislocating due to this angle. Her condyles are large and are thus adapted to handling the added weight that results from shifting from four limbs to two. The pelvis exhibits a number of adaptations to bipedality. The entire structure has been remodeled to accommodate an upright stance and the need to balance the trunk on only one limb with each stride. The talus, in her ankle, shows evidence for a convergent big toe, sacrificing manipulative abilities for efficiency in bipedal locomotion. The vertebrae show evidence of the spinal curvatures necessitated by a permanent upright stance.
  5. Evidence now strongly suggests that the Hadar material, as well as fossils from elsewhere in East Africa from the same time period, belong to a single, sexually dimorphic species known as Australopithecus afarensis. At Hadar, the size difference is very clear, with larger males and smaller females being fairly easy to distinguish. Lucy clearly fits into the smaller group.
  6. No cause has been determined for Lucy’s death. One of the few clues we have is the conspicuous lack of postmortem carnivore and scavenger marks. Typically, animals that were killed by predators and then scavenged by other animals (such as hyaenas) will show evidence of chewing, crushing, and gnawing on the bones. The ends of long bones are often missing, and their shafts are sometimes broken (which enables the predator to get to the marrow). In contrast, the only damage we see on Lucy's bones is a single carnivore tooth puncture mark on the top of her left pubic bone. This is what is called a perimortem injury, one occurring at or around the time of death. If it occurred after she died but while the bone was still fresh, then it may not be related to her death.
  7. There are several indicators which give a fair idea of her age. Her third molars (“wisdom teeth”) are erupted and slightly worn, indicating that she was fully adult. All the ends of her bones had fused and her cranial sutures had closed, indicating completed skeletal development. Her vertebrae show signs of degenerative disease, but this is not always associated with older age. All these indicators, when taken together, suggest that she was a young, but fully mature, adult when she died.
  8. IHO has replicas of Lucy‘s bones, which were produced in the Institute‘s casting and molding laboratories. The “real” Lucy is stored in a specially constructed safe in the Paleoanthropology Laboratories of the National Museum of Ethiopia in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Because of the rare and fragile nature of many fossils, including hominids, molds are often made of the original fossils. The molds are then used to create detailed copies, called casts, which can be used for teaching, research, and exhibits.
  9. The hominid-bearing sediments in the Hadar formation are divided into three members. Lucy was found in the highest of these—the Kada Hadar or KH—member. While fossils cannot be dated directly, the deposits in which they are found sometimes contain volcanic flows and ashes, which can now be dated with the 40Ar/39Ar (Argon-Argon) dating technique. Armed with these dates and bolstered by paleomagnetic, paleontological, and sedimentological studies, researchers can place fossils into a dated framework with accuracy and precision. Lucy is dated to just less than 3.18 million years old.
  10. Although several hundred fragments of hominid bone were found at the Lucy site, there was no duplication of bones. A single duplication of even the most modest of bone fragments would have disproved the single skeleton claim, but no such duplication is seen in Lucy. The bones all come from an individual of a single species, a single size, and a single developmental age. In life, she would have stood about three-and-a-half feet tall, and weighed about 60 to 65 pounds.
  11. Australopithecus afarensis may have walked upright and looked somewhat human-like, but they were much smaller than we are. Lucy died as a young but fully grown adult, and stood only 1.1m (3.7ft) tall and weighed in at a paltry 29kg (64lb).
  12. Lucy's cause of death cannot be determined. The specimen does not show the signs of post-mortem bone damage characteristic of animals killed by predators and then scavenged. The only visible damage is a single carnivore tooth mark on the top of her left pubic bone, believed to have occurred at or around the time of death, but which is not necessarily related to her death. Her third molars were erupted and slightly worn and therefore, it was concluded that she was fully matured with completed skeletal development. There are indications of degenerative disease to her vertebrae that do not necessarily indicate old age. It is believed that she was a mature but young adult when she died.
Google's Doodle of Lucy on her 41st Anniversary


Monday, November 23, 2015

6 Years After The Ampatuan Massacre

  1. The Maguindanao massacre, also known as the Ampatuan massacre after the town where the mass graves were found, occurred on the morning of 23 November 2009, in the town of Ampatuan in Maguindanao province, on the island of Mindanao in the Philippines.
  2. The Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ) has called the Maguindanao massacre the single deadliest event for journalists in history. At least 34 journalists are known to have died in the massacre. Even before the Maguindanao massacre, the CPJ had labeled the Philippines the second most dangerous country for journalists, second only to Iraq.
  3. On 4 December 2009, through Proclamation No. 1959, President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo officially placed Maguindanao province under a state of martial law, thereby suspending the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus.
  4. The state of martial law in Maguindanao was lifted on 13 December 2009. 
  5. ProTest Broadcast 3, a concert series held in 2010 for the benefit of the families of the journalists killed in the Maguindanao massacre, organized by Bread Society International in cooperation with Breakthrough and Milestones Productions and UNTV. The dates of the concert tour were held on 17 May 2010 in Araneta Coliseum, Araneta Center, Quezon City; 23 May 2010 at Cebu Convention Center; and 30 May 2010 at the CAP Auditorium in Davao. 
  6. History Asia premiered a documentary on the Maguindanao massacre entitled The Maguindanao Massacre on 26 September 2010.
  7. On 16 November 2010, the international non-governmental organization Human Rights Watch issued a 96-page report titled "They Own the People" which links the Ampatuans to at least 56 other killings over the last 20 years, apart from the November 23, 2009, massacre charting the Ampatuans’ rise to power, including their use of violence to expand their control and eliminate threats to the family’s rule.
  8. In July 2014, in memory of the five-year anniversary of the massacre, Sacramento-based author Victoria Conlu also released a novel titled Portraits of a Massacre, a fictionalized telling of a province similar to Maguindanao, reviewed as "a stirringly severe literary intervention".
  9. Quezon City Regional Trial Court Branch 221 Judge Jocelyn Solis-Reyes issued a release order for the brother of primary suspect Andal Jr., Sajid Islam, who is also the son of clan patriarch and former Maguindanao governor Andal Ampatuan Sr, through lawyer Gregorio Marquez, posted the surety bond amounting to P11.6 million in exchange for his temporary release.
  10. Andal Ampatuan Sr. who had been in the hospital since June 2015 after being diagnosed with cirrhosis of the liver succumbed at 10:02 p.m. on 17 July 2015 despite efforts to revive him, according to a Discharge Summary report by the National Kidney & Transplant Institute. He allegedly led the planning and execution of the massacre of the members of the convoy of the wife of then Maguindanao province gubernatorial candidate Esmael “Toto” Mangudadatu. 
  11. Branch 221 Judge Jocelyn Solis-Reyes of the Quezon City Regional Trial Court denied the petitions for bail of former Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao Gov. Zaldy Ampatuan, last 15 September 2015.
  12. A concert on 22 November (23 November in the Philippines), Sunday, at the Celebrity Centre International in Los Angeles, entitled “Abakada: Children Helping Children,” and produced by NUJP-US (National Union of Journalists of the Philippines in the United States Chapter (NUJP-US)) in partnership with the Filipino American Press Club of California, F7 Photographers, Frontliners, Philippine Press Photographers (PPP)-USA, and Pen and Lens Press Club, where a photo exhibit has also been set up as a benefit concert for the orphans of the 32 journalists killed in the 2009 Ampatuan Massacre.

Sunday, November 22, 2015

12 Unusual Uses For Vaseline

Vaseline can be use to:
  1. Lipstick on teeth - Never get lipstick on your teeth again by smearing a little Vaseline on your teeth before applying lipstick and keep your chompers pearly white. This is a technique is used by beauty contestants, or those first learning to apply lipstick.
  2. Hair dye barrier - Protect your skin from being dyed along with your hair by creating a barrier on your forehead and around your ears with a thin layer of Vaseline. The petroleum jelly will protect your skin from absorbing the hair dye, allowing you to be a little messy when applying liberal amounts of dye to your hair.
  3. Shine your boots - Using some Vaseline to touch up your scuffed boots or heels can make them look good as new.
  4. Prevent battery corrosion - By adding Vaseline to the terminals of car battery you can help prevent corrosion because Vaseline forms a water resistant barrier around the metal tops of the battery terminals, a place where acidic corrosion is likely to occur.
  5. Revive dried leather - Vaseline is great for rejuvenating skin and is also good bringing back to life an old baseball mitt which is a leather good. Rubbing Vaseline into every stitch and seam and allowing it to sit for a while to really soak in, excess Vaseline was wiped off.
  6. Remove a stuck ring - Vaseline is super slippery and can be used to loosen any stuck jewellery from your chubby digits.
  7. Remove chewing gum from hair - Vaseline can help remove even the stickiest chewing gum.
  8. Put it on small cuts -The reason why trainers apply Vaseline to the cuts on the fighter's face during a boxing event is that Vaseline forms a barrier that can stop small cuts aside from being all slippery.
  9. Hairball remedy - Petroleum jelly is a lubricant that can be used to help pets with hairballs. because some animals don't mind eating Vaseline straight and for more finicky pets you can apply the petroleum jelly directly to the paws and they'll lick it off. Petroleum jelly is non-toxic, and in small quantities should be fine for pets but too much can prevent the intestines from absorbing vitamins and may give your pet diarrhea.
  10. Easy open jar lids - Smearing a thin layer of Vaseline around the threaded side of a jar lid before screwing on the lid will prevent any stuck food from seizing the lid to the jar and should allow you to easily open those suborn jars. This works great for sticky foods with high sugar content, like honey, jam, or barbecue sauce.
  11. Soft focus on camera lens - Applying a small dab directly to the camera lens with your fingertip and gently rubbing the entire lens is a classic technique in taking vintage photos.
  12. Moisturize dog paws - Try massaging a little Vaseline into your dogs dry paws when you are having a relaxing moment with your best dog friend.


Friday, November 20, 2015

12 APEC 2015 Firsts

Here are 12 things that happened for the FIRST time during the APEC 2015 week.
  1. Makati City in Metro Manila hosted the FIRST APEC 2015 meeting, the Informal Senior Officials' Meeting (ISOM), from 8 to 9 December 2014.
  2. FIRST time that the issue on "inclusiveness" that aims to empower and globalize the micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) by involving them in the supply chain and value chains of many big businesses will be highlighted during the APEC CEO Summit.
  3. FIRST time that a Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Framework will be adopted by APEC as introduced by the Philippines at the Sept. 22, 2015 conference in Iloilo City during the (APEC) Senior Disaster Management Officials' Forum (SDMOF) and aims to develop climate-resilient and sustainable communities.
  4. FIRST time that a woman in the person of Doris Magsaysay-Ho, chief executive of the Magsaysay Group of Companies, heads not only the Philippine ABAC, but the APEC-wide ABAC. ABAC is the "private sector body that presents recommendations to APEC leaders in an annual dialogue and advises APEC officials on business sector priorities and concerns.
  5. FIRST time that women issues was pushed with the holding of the APEC women and Economy 2015 Fora last 15 to 18 September 2015 with the them "Women as Prime Movers of Inclusive Growth."
  6. FIRST time that eight (8) full Senior Ministers meetings and Forums were held this year on a host of topics and issues from energy, trade, finance, transportation, education, small business, and infrastructure.
  7. Chilean President Michelle Bachelet became the FIRST head state to arrive in Manila to attend the APEC 2015 Forum. It was also her FIRST state visit to the Philippines.
  8. This will be the FIRST APEC meeting for Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau since their inaugurations on 15 September 2015 and 4 November 2015.
  9. Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi’s visit to the Philippines was the FIRST by a Chinese foreign minister since 2009, and President Xi Jinping's trip to Manila will mark his FIRST time in the country since assuming office. 
  10. FIRST time that four Latin American economies are attending a multilateral forum at which 21 countries - including the United States, China and Japan - are participating. Mexico, Colombia, Peru and Chile - the four members of the Pacific Alliance trade bloc are taking advantage of their presence at the gathering in Manila to strengthen their position in the region.
  11. FIRST time that a head of state, US President Barack Obama, became APEC's funny moderator-in-chief during the APEC CEO Forum who opted to moderate a panel instead of a long speech last 18 November, 2015 with Jack Ma of e-commerce giant Alibaba and Filipino Engineer Aisa Mijeno, CEO of SALt (Sustainable Alternative Lighting) who also teaches computer science in DLSU Lipa City, Batangas and FIRST time that a Filipina inventor was invited by the White House to join a short discussion regarding climate change and renewable energy. 
  12. FIRST time that two women gave birth due to heavy traffic caused by the closure of several roads. First incident happened last 16 November 2015 around 11:30AM on the sidewalk of Belle Avenue corner Macapagal Boulevard in Parañaque while the second birth incident happened today, 20 November 2015, at a bus terminal along Coastal Mall Terminal Road, Parañaque about 8:00AM.


Thursday, November 19, 2015

12 "Officially Used" in APEC 2015

  1. Official APEC 2015 logo is 
  2. Official theme for APEC 2015 is "Building Inclusive Economies, Building a Better World" 
  3. Official designer for ensembles to be worn by world leaders is Paul Cabral 
  4. Official broadcast partner of the APEC SME Summit 2015 is Eagle Broadcasting Corporation 
  5. Official premium mobility partner is Asian Carmakers Corporation—the official importer and distributor of BMW in the Philippines
  6. Official 2015 APEC task force commander is Philippine National Police (PNP) chief Director General Ricardo Marquez 
  7. Official first day cover of APEC stamps were printed by security printer Amstar Company, Inc. which will be sold at P30 each 
  8. Official total number of APEC stamps prepared by PHLPost creative artist Rodine Teodoro  is 101,000 copies. 
  9. Official internet speed connection for the International Media Center at the World Trade Center in Pasay City powered by Philippine Long Distance Telephone Co. is 8.5-Gigabit per second 
  10. Official giveaways and tokens during the APEC 2015 meetings held in Cebu, Bacolod and Bataan were chocolates made by Raquel Choa, a tablea maker, who is also dubbed as the "Chocolate Queen of Cebu" and also the woman behind the homegrown Ralfe  Gourmet Inc., The Chocolate Chamber (TCC), Casa de Cacao, and The Chocolate Chamber Boutique. Her tableas will be made into hot chocolate drinks at The Manila Hotel. 
  11. Official creative director tasked to oversee and create the designs at the welcome dinner for the 21 economic leaders during the APEC summit on November 18 is the multi-awarded Cebuano industrial designer Kenneth Cobonpue. His theme for the 64,085-sgm Mall of Asia Arena is patterned after the Philippines' rice terraces. He also created the tokens which are called "Sama-Sama" symbolizing unity, partnership, and cooperation among the member economies. 
  12. Official Pinoy meals served were Ensalada Tagala for appetizer, Yamang Dagat Tinola soup made with ground lapu-lapu meat and prawns, Bistek Manilenya for the main course, and Maja Blanca Moderna for dessert. These were made by Via Mare founder Glenda Barretto and Margarita "Gaita" Fores of Cibo during the APEC welcome dinner. 


Wednesday, November 18, 2015

12 Types of Vehicles Used in APEC 2015

  1. Over 200 units of BMW 7-Series Long-Wheelbase Sedan and BMW 5-Series in Sedan and Gran Turismo (hatchback) forms
  2. 50 Toyota Corolla Altis 1.6V AT units
  3. 50 Toyota Fortuner G diesel 4x2 AT units
  4. 90 Toyota Fortuner V diesel 4x2 AT units
  5. 43 Toyota HiAce GL Grandia MT units
  6. 70 Toyota Camry 2.5 G AT units
  7. 50 Nissan Altima units
  8. 85 Nissan Sylphy units
  9. 100  Nissan NV350 Urvan units
  10. 90 Nissan Almera units
  11. Unspecified number of Mercedes-Benz S400 units
  12. ZUM electric trikes were used to ferry ministers and delegates around Boracay Island during the Ministerial Meeting held last 23-24 May 2015 at Boracay Island

Tuesday, November 17, 2015

12 Numbers About APEC 2015

  1. 2 is the number of times the Philippines became the host of APEC -- 1996 was the first year that the Philippines first hosted the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation  held in Subic Bay, Zambales and the current year, 2015, second time APEC will be hosted by the Philippines
  2. 21 is the current number of economies in the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation and the term "member economies" being used because APEC primarily addresses issues concerning trade and economy.
  3. 2 is the number of key road maps that will be endorsed -- Cebu Action Plan for financial integration which aims to protect the region from financial crises and Boracay Action Agenda which is meant to help micro, small and medium enterprises (MSMEs) access the regional and global market.
  4. 3 is the number of years that it took for the Philippines to prepare for the APEC forum.
  5. 9.8 is the approximate amount in billion pesos that comes with hosting APEC.
  6. 8.5 is the internet speed in gigabytes per second provided by PLDT at the International Media Center in Pasay City
  7. 699 is the number of flights cancelled during the APEC 2015 week
  8. 4 is the number of declared school holidays as part of the security measures for the APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting
  9. 2 is the number of declared special non-working days in Metro Manila as part of the security measures for the APEC Economic Leaders' Meeting
  10. 101,000 is the number of copies of APEC stamp that were printed by security printer Amstar Company, Inc. to commemorate APEC Philippines 2015
  11. 28,000 is the number police contingent deployed to secure routes, meeting venues and billet areas for the week-long event.
  12. 3,000 is the number of journalists from all over the world that will cover the APEC Summit

Monday, November 16, 2015

12 Presentors at APEC SME Summit 2015

APEC SME Summit 2015 on 17 November 2015 at Green Sun, Makati

The theme for this year's SME Summit – Innovation and Big Ideas: Pushing Boundaries.

The Summit Conference will present innovative ideas from founders and leaders of innovation from various countries.  These include
  1. Aeromobil Co-founder and CEO JurajVaculik whose company is developing prototype roadable aircraft, a vehicle that can be converted from an automobile to an aircraft;
  2. InnosightManaging Partner Scott Anthony whose focus is on strategic transformation, disruptive change, and business model innovation; 
  3. Asia Society President JosetteSheeran; 
  4. Uber Technologies, Inc. Senior Advisor David Plouffe; 
  5. Founder and CEO Shiela Marcelo; 
  6. Silicon Valley visionary and Tallwood Venture Capital Managing Director Diosdado Banatao; 
  7. Barefoot College Founder Bunker Roy; 
  8. Thumbtack Co-Founder and President Jonathan Swanson; 
  9. Bhumipatra Architecture Principal AlokShetty; 
  10. ABRA Founder and CEO Bill Barhydt; 
  11. Teach for All Co-Founder and CEO Wendy Kopp; and 
  12. FeDex Asia Pacific President and CEO Karen Reddington.


Sunday, November 15, 2015

Ronda Rousey's Firsts

  1. First Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) Women's Bantamweight Champion as well as the last Strikeforce Women's Bantamweight Champion. 
  2. First U.S. woman to earn an Olympic medal in judo at the Summer Olympics in Beijing in 2008 since its inception as an Olympic sport in 1992.
  3. First female U.S. judoka in nearly 10 years to win an A-Level tournament as she went 5-0 to claim gold at the Birmingham World Cup in Great Britain.
  4. First U.S. athlete ever to win two Junior World Judo Championship medals. 
  5. First female fighter to sign with the UFC, in November 2012
  6. First female UFC Champion
  7. First Olympic medalist to hold a UFC title
  8. First feature film role was the 2014 film The Expendables 3
  9. First One-punch knockout win in UFC Women's Bantamweight division history versus Bethe Correia at UFC 190
  10. First female athlete to guest host ESPN's SportsCenter on October 2015
  11. First woman featured on the cover of Australian Men's Fitness, appearing on their November 2015 edition.
  12. First loss of Rousey's MMA career was when she suffered a major upset when she failed to defend her supposed-to-be seventh bantamweight title during her fight with Holly Holm who knocked her out at 0:59 of the second round at UFC 193 on 14 November 2015 but she was still awarded a Fight of the Night bonus award.

Saturday, November 14, 2015

Paris Friday the 13th

  1. On the evening of 13 November 2015, a series of coordinated terrorist attacks, consisting of mass shootings, suicide bombings, and hostage-taking, occurred in Paris, the capital of France, and its northern suburb, Saint-Denis. 
  2. 21:17 CET (UTC+1) – First suicide bombing near the Stade de France. The first explosion near the stadium was about 20 minutes after the start of an international friendly football match between France and Germany, which President François Hollande was attending. The first bomber was prevented from entering the stadium after a security guard patted him down and discovered the suicide vest; a few seconds after being turned away, he detonated his suicide vest, killing himself and a bystander. Investigators later surmised that the first suicide bomber had planned to detonate his vest within the stadium, triggering the crowd's panicked exit onto the streets where two other bombers were lying in wait.
  3. 21:25 CET (UTC+1) – Shooting at the rue Bichat. At approximately 21:20, the first shootings occurred, on the rue Bichat and the rue Alibert, near the Canal Saint-Martin in the 10th arrondissement. Attackers shot at people outside Le Carillon, a café and bar, before crossing the rue Bichat and shooting people inside the restaurant Le Petit Cambodge. According to French police, eleven people were killed at the restaurant, and an eyewitness said one of the gunmen shouted "Allahu Akbar". Le Monde reported 15 people were killed at these locations and 10 were critically wounded.
  4. 21:19 CET (UTC+1) – Second suicide bombing near the Stade de France. Ten minutes after the first bombing, the second bomber blew himself up near the stadium.
  5. 21:32 CET (UTC+1) – Shooting at the rue de la Fontaine-au-Roi. At 21:32, a man with a machine gun fired shots outside Café Bonne Bière, close to the terrace of the Italian restaurant La Casa Nostra, on the rue de la Fontaine-au-Roi where it intersects with the rue du Faubourg-du-Temple south of the rue Bichat. The Paris prosecutor said five people were killed and eight were injured. An eyewitness reported a gunman firing short bursts.
  6. 21:36 CET (UTC+1) – Shooting at the rue de Charonne. At approximately 21:36, two gunmen fired shots for several minutes at the outdoor terrace of the restaurant La Belle Équipe on the rue de Charonne in the 11th arrondissement where it intersects the rue Faidherbe, before returning to their car and driving away. Nineteen people were killed, including the wife of the bar, and nine were left in critical condition.
  7. 21:40 CET (UTC+1) – Suicide bombing on boulevard Voltaire. At about 21:40, on the boulevard Voltaire in the 11th arrondissement, near place de la Nation, a man sat down in the Comptoir Voltaire café and placed an order before detonating his suicide vest and killing himself. Fifteen people were injured, one of them seriously.
  8. 21:40 CET (UTC+1) – Three men enter the Bataclan theatre and begin shooting. At approximately 21:45, a mass shooting and hostage-taking occurred at the Bataclan theatre on the boulevard Voltaire in the 11th arrondissement. The American band Eagles of Death Metal was playing to an audience of around 1,500 people. About an hour into the concert, three dark-clad men with AK-47 assault rifles entered the hall. Witnesses heard shouts of "Allahu Akbar" just before the gunmen opened fire on the crowd. Initially, the audience mistook the gunfire for pyrotechnics. The attack lasted 20 minutes, and witnesses also reported seeing the attackers throw hand grenades into the crowd. A radio reporter attending the concert described the attackers as calm and determined, telling CNN they had reloaded three or four times.
  9. 21:53 CET (UTC+1) – Third suicide bombing near the Stade de France. Another 33 minutes after that, the third bomber detonated his vest nearby at a McDonald's.
  10. 22:00 CET (UTC+1) – Hostages are taken at the Bataclan. Around 22:00, the attackers took 60–100 concertgoers hostage as police gathered outside the venue. The band's members escaped without injury. A witness who escaped the attack told a journalist that the gunmen had mentioned Syria. One witness in the Bataclan said that a gunman yelled, "This is because of all the harm done by Hollande to Muslims all over the world." There were further attacks on police and first responders who arrived at the scene. Starting at 22:15, the Brigade of Research and Intervention (BIS) arrived on the scene, followed by RAID. The assault on the theatre only lasted three minutes and began at 00:20. Police forces launched the assault after reports that the attackers had begun killing hostages. Initial police reports estimated that 100 people were killed at the theatre, but the toll was later revised to 89. Two attackers died by detonating their suicide vests. Another was hit by police gunfire and his vest blew up when he fell. The area was cordoned off after the attacks. Identification and removal of bodies from the theatre took 10 hours, a process made difficult because some audience members had left their identification papers in the theatre's cloakroom.
  11. ISIL claimed responsibility for the attacks on the morning of 14 November. Less than a day after the attacks, the Al-Hayat Media Group, their media organ, launched a website on the dark web extolling them and recommending the encrypted instant messaging service Telegram. Claimed motives included ideological objection to Paris as a capital of "abomination and perversion", retaliation for French airstrikes in Syria and Iraq as well as the foreign policy of François Hollande in relation to Muslims worldwide.
  12. The attackers killed 130 victims and injured 352–368, with 80 taken to hospital in serious condition. Of the dead, 89 died at the Bataclan theatre, 19 at La Belle Équipe, 15 at Le Carillon and Le Petit Cambodge, 5 at Café Bonne Bière and La Casa Nostra, and 1 at Stade de France. Victims were confirmed from at least 26 countries (some holding multiple citizenships). Among those who died at the Bataclan were a music critic of Les Inrockuptibles, an executive of Mercury Records France, and the merchandise manager of Eagles of Death Metal.


Friday, November 13, 2015

Ankle Strength Techniques

  1. If the ankle musculature is strong, a person can withstand greater force before an injury is sustained and strengthening lower leg muscles will also help prevent chronic conditions such as shin splints and Achilles tendonitis. Proprioception can also increase an athlete's performance.
  2. Proprioception or proprioceptive training is done with balance exercises or balance training. - Standing on one leg: Hold for 30 seconds, working up to one minute per leg.
  3. Proprioception or proprioceptive training is done with balance exercises or balance training. - Balance and catch: Standing on one leg, catch and throw a ball with a partner. Make certain to throw the ball right, left, high, low. Perform three sets of 30.
  4. Proprioception or proprioceptive training is done with balance exercises or balance training. - One leg mini squats: On one leg do a half squat with the opposite leg out front for 10 reps, out to the side for 10 reps and behind for 10 reps. Repeat three times.
  5. Strengthening - Exercise using thera-band for resisted range of motion. - Inversion for three sets of 20 in each direction.
  6. Strengthening - Exercise using thera-band for resisted range of motion. - Eversion for three sets of 20 in each direction.
  7. Strengthening - Exercise using thera-band for resisted range of motion. - Dorsiflexion for three sets of 20 in each direction.
  8. Strengthening - Exercise using thera-band for resisted range of motion. - Plantar Flexion for three sets of 20 in each direction.
  9. Calf raises which is done both seated and standing to strengthen both calf muscles and the Achilles tendon for three sets of 20 
  10. Plyometric workouts which uses jumping type movements to strengthen muscles and make them more explosive. - Scissor Hops 10 to 15 times.
  11. Plyometric workouts which uses jumping type movements to strengthen muscles and make them more explosive. - Standing Squat Jumps 10 to 15 times.
  12. Plyometric workouts which uses jumping type movements to strengthen muscles and make them more explosive. - Bounding 10 to 15 times.


Monday, November 9, 2015

12 Things About Hedy Lamarr

Hedy Lamarr's 101st Birthday on 9 November 2015.

  1. Born Hedwig Eva Maria Kiesler on 9 November 1914 to Jewish parents in Vienna, Austria, Hedy had married a wealthy arms manufacturer named Fritz Mendl.
  2. Lemarr got her first leading role aged just 17, in a German film called Geld Auf Der Strase. A subsequent German film, Exstase, brought her to the attention of Hollywood producers, controversial for its time, Lamarr is also credited as acting the first female orgasm to be shown in a non-pornographic film. and she soon signed a contract with MGM.
  3. Austrian-born actress  Hollywood once dubbed “the most beautiful woman in the world.”
  4. Lamarr changed her name after fleeing her husband Friedrich Mandl – a rich military magnate, and moved to America. Reportedly Mandl was particularly controlling; the New York Times report he purchased a vast amount of the copies of Ecstasy in a bid that nobody would see “the look on her [Lamarr’s] face during the sex scenes.”
  5. She had some background in military munitions and together with a composer friend, George Antheil, she used the principles of how pianos worked to identify a way to prevent German submarines from jamming Ally radio signals.
  6. "She set aside one room in her home, had a drafting table installed with the proper lighting, and the proper tools - had a whole wall in the room of engineering reference books."  and that, Biographer Richard Rhodes said, was where she "invented." It was a hobby that remained obscured in the shadow of her celebrity - one she rarely revealed, even to her own son, Anthony Loder: "She was such a creative person, I mean, nonstop solution-finding. If you talked about a problem, she had a solution.
  7. The patent for “frequency hopping” Lamarr co-authored laid the groundwork for widely-used technologies like Bluetooth, GPS and wifi that we rely upon daily. 
  8. Lamarr and Anthiel received a patent in 1941, but the enormous significance of their invention was not realized until decades later. It was first implemented on naval ships during the Cuban Missile Crisis and subsequently emerged in numerous military applications. The US navy began using the device in the 1960s.
  9. Most of Hedy's inventions - including a better Kleenex box and a new traffic signal - never really went anywhere. But her idea for that radio-controlled torpedo got a patent.
  10. In 1997, she and George Anthiel were honored with the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) Pioneer Award. And later in the same year, Lamarr became the first female recipient of the BULBIE™ Gnass Spirit of Achievement Award, a prestigious lifetime accomplishment prize for inventors that is dubbed "The Oscar™ of Inventing."
  11. Most importantly, the "spread spectrum" technology that Lamarr helped to invent would galvanize the digital communications boom, forming the technical backbone that makes cellular phones, fax machines and other wireless operations possible.
  12. She died in 2000, aged 85.


Wednesday, November 4, 2015

November is Peanut Butter Lovers Month

  1. Southern Peanut Growers, representing southeastern peanut farmers, started the celebration as Peanut Butter Lovers Day on November 4, 1990. November 4 marks the anniversary of the first patent for peanut butter, applied for by Dr. John Harvey Kellogg on November 4, 1895.
  2. Eating peanuts and peanut butter helps control hunger without leading to weight gain.
  3. Studies found peanuts lowered the risk of cardiovascular and coronary heart disease. 
  4. Eating peanuts and peanut butter may reduce colon cancer in women.
  5. A study found that those getting the most niacin from foods were 70 percent less likely to develop Alzheimer’s disease. Peanuts are one of the foods highest in niacin.
  6. In two studies, individuals eating five or more servings of nuts per week had a 25 percent to 30 percent lower risk of getting gallstones compared to those who rarely or never ate nuts. 
  7. Although peanuts are technically classified as a legume, they were considered nuts for these experiments, so peanuts are actually the most commonly consumed ‘nut’ in the world.
  8. All of the fat in peanut butter is heart-healthy monounsaturated fat. A study found that insulin-resistant adults who ate a diet high in mono-saturated fat had less belly fat than people who ate more carbohydrates or saturated fat.
  9. Eating peanuts can reduce the risk of diabetes according to a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.
  10. Peanut butter has protein as well as potassium — which lowers the risk of high blood pressure, stroke and heart disease. It also contains fiber for your bowel health, healthy fats, magnesium to fortify your bones and muscles, Vitamin E and antioxidants.
  11. Peanuts are susceptible to molds and fungus — some of which are highly toxic. A fungus called Aspergillus flavus produces a carcinogen that is twenty times more toxic than DDT, called aflatoxin. 
  12. Feed your dogs peanut butter. The vitamins E and H (Biotin) in peanut butter can help to improve your dog's coat, dog skin, and nail strength. However, it is better to make your own and avoid feeding your dog high salt levels in commercial brands. Also, don't feed it to overweight dogs, as it is calorie-laden. Use little dollops of peanut butter to help your dogs swallow their pills. Warning: Some dogs may be allergic to peanut butter. Make sure your dog won't have allergic reactions before feeding him or her the peanut butter. Some people are amused by the mess dogs make when fed peanut butter because they can't get it off their mouths easily. This can be upsetting for the dog, so only feed it small amounts at a time.