Friday, March 31, 2017

Library Amnesty for the 95th Founding Anniversary of UP Libraries

  1. On 31 March 2017, there will be a Library Fines Amnesty Day.
  2. The Library Amnesty is for ONE day only with fines for all overdue books returned during this date shall be waived.
  3. All University Libraries and College/Unit Libraries in the UP System (from Baguio to Mindanao) are participating in this amnesty program.
  4. All users (students, faculty, staff) with overdue books in any library within the UP System are covered by the amnesty.
  5. The amnesty only covers overdue books that have been returned in good condition.
  6. Lost and damaged books are not covered by the amnesty.
  7. March is the month of the Founding Anniversary of UP Libraries.
  8. For 2017, the lineup of activities will be from 6-31 March 2017. 
    Source: UP Library Facebook Page
  9. Theme for the 95th Founding Anniversary of UP Libraries is "Building for the Future: Towards the Modernization of UP Libraries".
  10. Official Facebook page is UPDLibrary Facebook Page
  11. Official Library website is UPDLibary website
  12. UP Library opened on 9 March 1922

Thursday, March 30, 2017

Treaty of Fez

  1. In 1904, the Entente Cordiale or the private agreements among the United Kingdom, Italy and France in 1904 made without consulting the sultan, had divided the Maghreb into spheres of influence, with France given Morocco. 
  2. In Morocco, the young sultan Abdelaziz acceded in 1894 at the age of ten, and Europeans became the main advisors at the court, while local rulers became more and more independent from the sultan until the sultan was deposed in 1908 leading to the deterioration of Moroccan law and order under his successor, Abdelhafid, who abdicated in favour of his brother Yusef after signing the Treaty of Fez.
  3. By the Treaty of Fez (Arabic: معاهدة فاس‎‎), signed 30 March 1912, Sultan Abdelhafid made Morocco a French protectorate, resolving the Agadir Crisis of 1 July 1911.
  4. The Treaty authorized French military occupation of Morocco and control of its economic activities. 
  5. It also denied the Makhzen direct contact with foreign nations and imposed French diplomatic representation on Morocco. 
  6. The sultan was granted protection and his throne was made immune against the vagaries of time. 
  7. As an ironical sequel, Sultan Abdelhafid was forced to abdicate to his younger brother Moulay Youssef only months after his signature of the ominous Treaty of Fés.
  8. Germany recognised the French protectorate in Morocco, receiving in return territories in the French Equatorial African colony of Middle Congo (now the Republic of the Congo), known as Neukamerun, became part of the German colony of Kamerun, part of German West Africa, for a brief time until it was captured by the allies in World War I. 
  9. As part of the treaty, Germany ceded France a small area of territory to the south-east of Fort Lamy, now part of Chad.
  10. Spain also gained a zone of influence in Northern Morocco which became Spanish Morocco and gained a zone of influence in the Rif and the Cape Juby areas, where the sultan remained nominally the sovereign and was represented by a vice regent under the control of the Spanish high commission.
  11. The Treaty of Fez granted the concession for exploitation of the iron mines of Mount Uixan to the Spanish Rif Mines Company, which was also given permission to build a railroad to connect the mines with Melilla.
  12. The treaty was perceived as a betrayal by Moroccan nationalists and led to the 1912 Fez riots and the War of the Rif (1919–26) between the Spanish and the Moroccan Rif and the Jebala tribes. Their leader became Abd el-Krim, who, after driving back the Spanish, founded a short-lived nationalist Republic of the Rif.

Wednesday, March 29, 2017

Oppo F3 Plus Available on April 1

  1. It has an overall weight of 185 grams distributed evenly making it a very light phablet easy to hold and operate with one hand  because of the
  2. It has a large 6-inch display using an IPS LCD with Full HD resolution offering a 1920x1080 pixel array with a pixel density of 367 ppi with an eye-protection mode in display settings allowing users to change the colour of the screen to reduce stress on eyes, particularly in low light conditions, and it can also tolerate direct sunlight. 
  3. The screen is protected with 2.5D Corning Gorilla Glass 5 for scratch resistance and oleophobic coating for added durability.
  4. The phone runs OPPO’s custom interface called Color OS 3.0.01 based on Android 6.0 Marshmallow.
  5. Oppo F3 Plus has 64GB internal storage in which 52.27GB is accessible to the user and can take in microSD cards up to 256GB but the card slot is integrated with one of the nano SIM slots so you can only use one SIM if you want to add a microSD card to the phone.
  6. It has two selfie cameras with one camera for normal and the other one for wide-angle shots with the main selfie camera having a 16MP sensor with a bright and crisp f/2.0 aperture while the wide-angle has a lower 8MP sensor.
  7. The back of the phone features a “six string antenna” that includes 3 at the top and three toward the bottom.
  8. It has 4,000mAh battery which is good for gamers and Oppo’s VOOC fast charging can still get 2 hours of talk time with just a 5 minute charge. The phone speeds up while charging from 0-70 and then slows down a bit as it nears the 100 percent mark in a little over an hour which is good for a 4,000mAh battery.
  9. A 16MP Sony IMX398 sensor is the primary camera on the Oppo F3 Plus with an f/1.7 aperture delivering good pictures in daylight with noise being under control.
  10. It has an accurate and fast finger print sensor integrated with the home button on the front panel.
  11. Powered by Qualcomm’s Snapdragon 652 octa-core processor with 4GB RAM but it is no match to other processor such as Snapdragon 821 quad-core processor and or even the Snapdragon 820 chip.
  12. The phone supports 4G LTE bands, dual-band Wi-Fi, Bluetooth 4.1, GPS and other location services and an initial price in the Philippines at Php 23,990.00

Tuesday, March 28, 2017

Happy 72nd Birthday President Duterte

  1. President Rodrigo Duterte was born on 14 March 1945, in Maasin, Leyte.
  2. His maternal grandfather was a Chinese immigrant from Xiamen, Fujian. 
  3. His father was Vicente G. Duterte (1911–1968), a Cebuano lawyer; and his mother Soledad Duterte (née Roa) (1916–2012), was a school teacher from Cabadbaran, Agusan and a civic leader of Maranao descent.
  4. Duterte went to Laboon Elementary School in Maasin, for a year and spent his remaining elementary days at the Santa Ana Elementary School in Davao City, where he graduated in 1956.
  5. He finished his secondary education in the High School Department of the then Holy Cross College of Digos (now Cor Jesu College) in today's city of Digos in the now defunct Davao province, after being expelled twice from previous schools, including one in Ateneo de Davao University High School due to misconduct.
  6. He graduated in 1968 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science at the Lyceum of the Philippines in Manila.
  7. He obtained a law degree from San Beda College of Law in 1972 passing the bar exam in the same year.
  8. Duterte has said that he was sexually abused by a priest when he was a minor. After he was challenged by the Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) and AdDU officials to name the priest and file a case against him, Duterte then revealed the priest's name as Fr. Mark Falvey, SJ (d. 1975). The Jesuits of the Society of Jesus in the Philippines confirmed that according to press reports in the United States, in May 2007, the Society of Jesus agreed to a tentative payout of USD16 million to settle claims that Falvey sexually abused at least nine children in Los Angeles from 1959 to 1975. 
  9. On 30 May 2016, the 16th Congress of the Philippines proclaimed Duterte as the 16th President-elect of the Philippines after he topped the official count by the Congress of the Philippines for the 2016 presidential election with 16,601,997 votes.
  10. At the age of 71, Duterte became the oldest person ever elected to the presidency, after former President Sergio Osmeña. 
  11. Duterte is also the first local chief executive to get elected straight to the Office of the President
  12. On 7 August 2016, Duterte approved the burial of former President Ferdinand Marcos at the Heroes' Cemetery in Taguig saying that Marcos is qualified for the burial at the cemetery due to him being a "former president and a soldier".

Monday, March 27, 2017

12 Trivia Facts About Quentin Tarantino

  1. Tarantino was born on 27 March 1963 in Knoxville, Tennessee, the son of Connie McHugh and Tony Tarantino. 
  2. His father is of Italian descent, and his mother has English and Irish ancestry. 
  3. His mother Connie McHugh was only age 16 when she gave birth to him.
  4. Quentin was named after Quint Asper, Burt Reynolds' character in the CBS series Gunsmoke.
  5. Collects old board games having to do with television series like I Dream of Jeannie (1965), The Dukes of Hazzard (1979), The A-Team (1983), etc.
  6. First noted screenplay was titled "Captain Peachfuzz and the Anchovy Bandit", which was written in 1985.
  7. Cites his influences as Martin Scorsese, Brian De Palma, Sergio Leone and Jean-Luc Godard.
  8. Although he uses both elements in his films, he strongly detests violence and drugs.
  9. Insists on being beside the camera at all times during a take. The notion of being in another room watching his actors perform on a video-assist monitor is both anathema and unacceptable to him.
  10. Detests CGI (Computer-generated imagery) trickery, opting not to shoot a sequence at all unless it can be accomplished 'in-camera'. If a chase has to be filmed at 80mph, it must be captured as it happens and not faked with camera under-cranking.
  11. He was awarded a Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6927 Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood, California on 21 December 2015.
  12. During his stay in the Philippines, Tarantino got trapped in traffic due to flooding as he was traveling to Malacanang Palace to meet President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo and receive a lifetime achievement award. Refusing to give up, he and his partner Tikoy Aguiluz got off their limousine and took a pedicab each to reach the palace. After arriving, Tarantino stated "It was a lot of fun. It just took a long time but it was not bad at all.".

Sunday, March 26, 2017

Purple Day

  1. Purple Day is the international day for epilepsy and falls on 26 March each year. 
  2. On Purple Day people come together to turn the world purple for epilepsy, by raising vital funds and awareness of the condition.
  3. Cassidy Megan born in Nova Scotia, Canada created the idea of Purple Day on 26 March 2008, who was 9 years old at the time. motivated by her own struggles with epilepsy. 
  4. Cassidy's goal is to get people talking about epilepsy in an effort to dispel myths and inform those with seizures that they are not alone. 
  5. The Epilepsy Association of Nova Scotia came on board in 2008 to help develop Cassidy's idea, which is now known as the Purple Day for Epilepsy campaign.
  6. Cassidy chose the colour purple because lavender is recognised as the international flower of epilepsy.
  7. In 2009, the New York-based Anita Kaufmann Foundation and Epilepsy Association of Nova Scotia joined forces to launch Purple Day internationally, and in March 2009, the official USA Purple Day Party launch was organized by the New York-based Anita Kaufmann Foundation - a charity dedicated to educating the public about epilepsy.
  8. Epilepsy is a chronic disorder, the hallmark of which is recurrent, unprovoked seizures.
  9. The cause of most cases of epilepsy is unknown.
  10. The word epilepsy is from Ancient Greek: ἐπιλαμβάνειν "to seize, possess, or afflict".
  11. The world's oldest description of an epileptic seizure comes from a text in Akkadian (a language used in ancient Mesopotamia) and was written around 2000 BC.
  12. The oldest known detailed record of the disease itself is in the Sakikku, a Babylonian cuneiform medical text from 1067–1046 BC.

Saturday, March 25, 2017

12 Trivia Facts About Elton John

  1. Elton John was born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947, in Pinner, Middlesex, the eldest child of Stanley Dwight and only child of Sheila Eileen (née Harris), and was raised in a council house of his maternal grandparents, in Pinner.
  2. At age 11, he entered the Royal Academy of Music, but quit just before graduation to pursue a rock career.
  3. His parents, Sheila and Stanley Dwight, divorced when he was young. His mother then married Fred Farebrother, whom Elton affectionately dubbed "Derf".
  4. Changed his name legally to Elton Hercules John. He chose the middle name "Hercules" not after the hero of mythology, but after the horse named Hercules on the British sitcom Steptoe and Son (1962).
  5. He was awarded the CBE (Commander of the Order of the British Empire) in 1996 and awarded Knighthood of the British Empire in the 1998 Queen's New Years Honors List for his services to music and fundraising for AIDS charities.
  6. 1992: Decided that all profits from his singles would be donated to AIDS charities and formed the Elton John AIDS Foundation. The foundation has become one of the world's largest nonprofit AIDS organizations.
  7. Dwight changed his name to Elton John to honor Bluesology saxophonist Elton Dean and Long John Baldry.
  8. Started wearing glasses to copy one of his idols, Buddy Holly. After a while, his eyes adjusted to the lenses and he's worn glasses ever since.
  9. In 2010, John told BBC Radio that he owned 250,000 pairs of glasses. “I don’t have a iPod or a mobile phone or a computer. I do have a quarter of a million pairs of glasses but I don’t even have a mobile phone. If people want to get hold of me they can. The Internet doesn’t interest me either apart from getting sports scores.”
  10. Auditioned for the lead vocalist spot in the band King Crimson but was turned down.
  11. He was awarded a Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for Recording at 6915 Hollywood Boulevard in Hollywood, California on October 23, 1975.
  12. Reformed drug addict, alcoholic and bulimic. 


Friday, March 24, 2017

World Tuberculosis Day 2017

  1. March 24 commemorates the day in 1882 when Dr Robert Koch astounded the scientific community by announcing to a small group of scientists at the University of Berlin's Institute of Hygiene that he had discovered the cause of tuberculosis, the TB bacillus or Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
  2. The theme of World TB Day 2017 is “Unite to End TB.” CDC and its domestic and international partners, including the  National TB Controllers Association, Stop TB USA, and the global Stop TB Partnership are working together to eliminate this deadly disease.
  3. In 1982, on the one-hundredth anniversary of Robert Koch's presentation, the International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease (IUATLD) proposed that March 24 be proclaimed an official World TB Day. 
  4. This was part of a year-long centennial effort by the IUATLD and the World Health Organization under the theme “Defeat TB: Now and Forever.” but World TB Day was not officially recognized as an annual occurrence by WHO's World Health Assembly and the United Nations until over a decade later.
  5. In the fall of 1995, WHO and the Royal Netherlands Tuberculosis Foundation (KNCV) hosted the first World TB Day advocacy planning meeting in Den Haag, Netherlands; an event they would continue co-sponsor over the next few years.
  6. In 1996, WHO, KNCV, the IUATLD and other concerned organizations joined to conduct a wide range of World TB Day activities.
  7. For World TB Day 1997, WHO held a news conference in Berlin during which WHO Director-General Hiroshi Nakajima declared that “DOTS is the biggest health breakthrough of this decade, according to lives we will be able to save.” 
  8. City pollution is one of the major causes of tuberculosis. 
  9. Tuberculosis can spread by being in the infectious air as the disease is an infectious one whose bacteria travel through air droplets, by way of coughing or sneezing by an infected person. 
  10. TB attacks the lungs but other organs such as the brain or the kidneys can fall prey to the disease too.
  11. Mostly, TB is found in underdeveloped countries.
  12. Most HIV deaths occur due to TB.


Thursday, March 23, 2017

12 Trivia Facts About Akira Kurosawa

  1. Kurosawa was born on 23 March 1910 in Ōimachi in the Ōmori district of Tokyo to Isamu, his father, was a member of a former samurai family from Akita Prefecture and worked as the director of the Army's Physical Education Institute's lower secondary school, while his mother Shima came from a merchant's family living in Osaka. 
  2. Akira was the eighth and youngest child of the moderately wealthy family, with two of his siblings already grown up at the time of his birth and one deceased, leaving Kurosawa to grow up with three sisters and a brother.
  3. He had a son Hisao (b. 20-Dec-1945), and a daughter, award-winning film costume designer Kazuko (b. 29-Apr-1954).
  4. Many of the characters in his period films were loosely based on historical figures.
  5. Like his fellow World Cinema masters, Ingmar Bergman (who started in live theater) and Federico Fellini (who started in journalism) he came to cinema via circumvention after working as a painter.
  6. His mentor was 'Kajiro Yamamoto'.
  7. He was awarded the French Legion of Honor, 1984.
  8. He was Awarded the Kyoto Prize, 1994.
  9. He was a fan of the work of Sergei M. Eisenstein, who, like Kurosawa, edited his own films.
  10. He was voted the 6th greatest director of all time by Entertainment Weekly, making him one among only two Asians along with Satyajit Ray (who is ranked in 25th position) on a list of 50 directors and the highest ranking non-American.
  11. On 6 September 1998, Kurosawa died of a stroke in Setagaya, Tokyo, at the age of 88.
  12. Kurosawa directed 30 films in a career spanning 57 years.

Wednesday, March 22, 2017

World Water Day

  1. World Water Day is held annually on 22 March as a means of focusing attention on the importance of universal access to clean water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities in developing countries.
  2. The day also focuses on advocating for the sustainable management of freshwater resources.
  3. An international day to celebrate freshwater was recommended at the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro and the United Nations General Assembly responded by designating 22 March 1993 as the first World Water Day.
  4. The United Nations General Assembly adopted resolution A/RES/47/193 of 22 December 1992 by which 22 March of each year was declared World Day for Water, to be observed starting in 1993, in conformity with the recommendations of the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) contained in Chapter 18 (Fresh Water Resources) of Agenda 21.
  5. World Water Day has seen an increase in the quantity and quality of education initiatives within schools and universities, to raise awareness of the importance of conserving and managing water resources such as primary school children in the Phillipines participating in a "My School Toilet" contest in 2010.
  6. UN-Water selects a theme for each year including previous themes such as 'Why waste water?' (a play on words with 'Why wastewater?') in 2017, 'Water and Jobs' in 2016, and 'Water and Sustainable Development' in 2015.
  7. This year, 2017, focuses on wastewater and ways to reduce and reuse as over 80% of all the wastewater from our homes, cities, industry and agriculture flows back to nature polluting the environment and losing valuable nutrients and other recoverable materials.
  8. Organizations active in the WASH sector, including non-governmental organizations such as UNICEF and WaterAid, use the day to raise public awareness, inspire action and get media attention for water issues.
  9. End Water Poverty, a global civil society coalition with 250 partner organizations worldwide, coordinates a calendar of global events to commemorate World Water Day, on the 22nd and during the whole of March.
  10. Globally, over 80% of the wastewater generated by society flows back into the ecosystem without being treated or reused. 
  11. 1.8 billion people use a source of drinking water contaminated with faeces, putting them at risk of contracting cholera, dysentery, typhoid and polio. Unsafe water, poor sanitation and hygiene cause around 842,000 deaths each year. (WHO/UNICEF 2014/WHO 2014)
  12. The opportunities from exploiting wastewater as a resource are enormous and safely managed wastewater is an affordable and sustainable source of water, energy, nutrients and other recoverable materials.

Tuesday, March 21, 2017

12-Line Poems for World Poetry Day

"Poetry is a window onto the breath-taking diversity of humanity."
— Irina Bokova, UNESCO Director-General

June: The Gianicolo"

Mary Jo Salter
Driven to this, the pairs of lovers roll
into the parking lot like shaken dice,
and though  they've come expressly for a vista
much grander than themselves, begin to fuse
into the other's eyes.  Oh, that fond conviction
of a match made in Heaven!
Below them, at the base
of an ancient hill, the million lamps of Rome
light up in rosy approbation, each
signalling to one chosen counterpart
among the stars the nightly freshened wish
to lie uniquely in its dazzled gaze.


Tadeusz Rozewicz
translated from the Polish by Adam Czerniawski
Who will recognize  him

mother father brothers
that other woman perhaps
whose face
in a clouded mirror
flows down like rain

and you
when you look at yourself
what do you see

I see a man created
in the image and likeness of a god
who's gone

"Best Friend Robot Poem"

Jason Christie
The best friend robot said:  "am i than 'smater'
are you but retard drater hrum!"  And my dad
wanted to take him back to Robots 'R' Us,
but I felt bad for him because he'd been
getting into my dad's really good oil stock
lately.  Normally, he'd have a few squirts on
New Year's or Christmas Morning, but lately
my Robot dad and my Robot Best Friend have
been disagreeing a lot.  Mom won't talk to either
of them.  She plays bridge with all of her online
friends once a week and I overhear her complain
when I sit quietly at the top of the escalator.

"Prodded Out of Prayer"

Margaret Avison
Stilled yet by
the gauzed withdrawingness of
midmorning sky:

lo, a sharply lit
acutely poignant
and wonderfully humorous

It was an ant
towing a grass-blade
in a bee-line, but on
rougher terrain,
to the anthill.

"The Dogwood Trees" (for Robert Slagle)

Robert Hayden
Seeing dogwood trees in bloom,
I am reminded, Robin,
of our journey through the mountains
in an evil time.

Among rocks and rock-filled streams
white bracts of dogwood
clustered.  Beyond, nearby, shrill slums
were burning,

the crooked crosses flared.  We drove
with bitter knowledge
of the odds against comradeship we dared
and were at one.


Martin Carter
These poet words, nuggets out of corruption
or jewels dug from dung or speech from flesh
still bloody red, still half afraid to plunge
in the ceaseless waters foaming over death.

These poet words, nuggets no jeweller sells
across the counter of the world's confusion
but far and near, internal or external
burning the agony of earth's complaint.

These poet words have secrets locked in them
like nuggets laden with the younger sun.
Who will unlock must first himself be locked
who will be locked must first himself unlock.

"The Yoga Exercise"

Floyd Skloot
Within a rushing stream of morning light
she stands still as a heron with one sole
held flush along the other inner thigh
and her long arms like bony wings folded
back so that when the motion of a breeze
passes through her body there is a deep

repose at its root and in an eye's blink
she has become this gently swaying tree
stirring in the wind of its breath while linked
to ground by the slow flow of energy
that brings her limbs together now in prayer
and blessing for the peace she is finding there.

"Sender's Address"

Henrik Nordbrandt
translated from the danish by Robin Fulton
The storm is rising and the buried people who lay
smouldering in me all summer are glowing
would break out in a blaze
if the wind found so much as a crack.

But the house is wind-proof.  The ash from my cigarette
falls off by itself
and the postage stamp on the window-sill lies  unmoving
although the walls shake under the force of the storm.

Here there's nothing to be sent
and nothing to be received.
The letters on my table are not going to fly.
The sender's address is too heavy.

"The Art of War"

Tony Towle
I'm sorry I was asleep when you called.
I was up till dawn
attacking the Prussians at Ligny,
and I didn't do a good job, I'm afraid, there
were still plenty left
when I pushed "save"
and shut down the computer.  I'm glad
I didn't know any of them personally
as I ordered the 12 - pounders
to concentrate on the tiny clusters of veteran brigades,
and clicked on all the available cavalry
to erase the inexperienced Landwehr from the screen.

"You lean your face on sorrow, don't even"

Eugenio de Andrade
translated from the Portuguese by Alexis Levitin
You lean your face on sorrow, don't even
hear the nightingale.  Or is it lark?
The air is hard for you to take, you, torn
between the faithfulness you owe

your mother's earth and that bleached
blueness where birds disappear.
Music, let's call it that, 
was always your wound, but also

it was exaltation in the dunes.
Do not listen to the nightingale.  Or to the lark.
It is within
that all music turns to bird.

"Beethoven's Quartet in C Major, Opus 59"

Linda Pastan
The violins
are passionately
occupied, but
it is the cellist

who seems to be
holding the music
in his arms,
moving his bow

as if it were
a dowsing rod
and the audience
dying of thirst.

"The Song of the Whisk"

Eric Ormsby
My flail demolishes
The gold of yolks;
My mesh abolishes
What it would coax.

The waterspout can frisk
While it souffles the sea;
What's the twister but a whisk
For instant entropy?

I will erect a pinnacle
Of undulant bearnaise;
With clicking quite clinical,
Paradisal mayonnaise.


Monday, March 20, 2017

12MP Camera and Other Leaks of Samsung Galaxy S8

  1. The Galaxy S8 might feature a dual rear camera, with a 12-megapixel sensor with an f/1.7 aperture and a new visual search tool and a 13-megapixel sensor and their front camera will have an 8MP sensor with an f/1.7 aperture but a different leak said the Galaxy S8 will have a 30-megapixel rear camera with optical image stabilization and it will also have a 9-megapixel front-facing camera.
  2. Samsung will release a 6.2-inch curved display model alongside a 5.7-inch (4096 x 2160 pixel resolution) display model with both featuring a 2K display.
  3. The processor will be Exynos 8895 and Snapdragon 835, as well as 6GB and 8GB of RAM. 
  4. It will have a 4,200mAh battery.
  5. It will have a fingerprint scanner believed to be on the back of the device and retina scanners, and a built-in mini projector.
  6. Samsung will only offer curved versions of the Galaxy S this time around.
  7. It will have a side-mounted button, getting rid of the home button in favor of an "all-screen front"with a wraparound display and a virtual home button available in the lower half of the glass. 
  8. Samsung is set to launch a Bixby voice assistant, powered by Viv (which Samsung has confirmed), as well as an always-visible status bar. There's believed to be a dedicated hardware button to launch Bixby, the personal assistant developed by Siri founder Dag Kittlaus ever since Samsung acquired Viv in October 2016.
  9. A Guardian report also mentioned a bezel-less infinity display. 
  10. Samsung will include a USB Type-C port for charging and audio removing the 3.5mm headphone jack but will have dual speakers. Samsung acquired Harman in late 2016, so it's thought the speakers will be Harman-branded.
  11. Samsung Galaxy S8 will come with 8GB of RAM, while another leak mentioned of  a 6GB of RAM backed by a 3.2GHz octa-core Qualcomm Snapdragon 830 chip while other leaks said the Galaxy S8 will have 4GB of RAM with internal storage options starting from 64GB.
  12. Samsung's next flagship will run the latest version of Android overlaid with its TouchWiz software. 

Sunday, March 19, 2017

Feast Day of Saint Joseph

  1. It has the rank of a solemnity in the Roman Catholic Church; Catholics who follow the Missal of 1962 celebrate it as a first class feast which was previously celebrated as a feast of the rank of double of the first class prior to 1962. 
  2. It is a feast or commemoration in the provinces of the Anglican Communion, and a feast or festival in the Lutheran Church. 
  3. Saint Joseph's Day is the Patronal Feast day for Poland as well as for Canada, persons named Joseph, Josephine, etc., for religious institutes, schools and parishes bearing his name, and for carpenters. 
    Source: comshalom
  4. It is also Father's Day in some Catholic countries, mainly Spain, Portugal, and Italy.
  5. March 19 was dedicated to Saint Joseph in several Western calendars by the 10th century, and this custom was established in Rome by 1479. 
  6. Pope St. Pius V extended its use to the entire Roman Rite by his Apostolic Constitution Quo primum (July 14, 1570) and since 1969, Episcopal Conferences may, if they wish, transfer it to a date outside Lent.
  7. The Eastern Orthodox Church celebrates Saint Joseph on the Sunday after Christmas.
  8. In Spain, the day is a version of Father's Day. In some parts of Spain it is celebrated as Falles.
  9. This is one of the public holidays in Malta, known as Jum San Ġużepp.
  10. St. Joseph's Day is also the day when the swallows are traditionally believed to return to Mission San Juan Capistrano after having flown south for the winter.
  11. In Italy March 19 is also Father's Day. 
  12. In Sicily, where St. Joseph is regarded by many as their Patron saint, and in many Italian-American communities, thanks are given to St. Joseph ("San Giuseppe" in Italian) for preventing a famine in Sicily during the Middle Ages.

Saturday, March 18, 2017

12 Trivia Facts About Natalia Poklonskaya

  1. Natalia Poklonskaya was born 18 March 1980 in the village of Mikhailovka, Voroshilovgrad Oblast (today Luhansk Oblast); later in 1990, her family moved to Yevpatoria in Crimea.
  2. Poklonskaya graduated from the University of Internal Affairs in Yevpatoria in 2002.
  3. Poklonskaya has a daughter, Anastasia, from her first marriage. 
  4. Both of her parents live in Crimea where they moved from the Lugansk Region in 1990, when Natalia was 10-years old, and both her grandfathers died during the Second World War, with only her grandmother surviving the German occupation.
  5. Natalia Poklonskaya became the chief prosecutor of the annexed region of Crimea on 25 March 2014, after the Republic of Crimea seceded from Ukraine and joined the Russian Federation in 2014. 
  6. Poklonskaya immediately became an icon for many Japanese cartoonist and animators who were struck by her beauty and Russian anime fans nicknamed Poklonskaya "nyasha" (a cute, adorable person). Within one week of her appointment as prosecutor, many fan illustrations of Poklonskaya had been submitted to both Pixiv and DeviantArt, a sample is shown below. 
  7. Source: Daily Express website
  8. Despite her popularity on the Internet, the Crimean Prosecutor said she'd "rather be appreciated for [her] work" than her good-looks. A subsequent interview, taken by НТВ Channel on March 24 2014 regarding Natalia’s opinion on her unusual Internet-fame and her nickname she replied: “I am the prosecutor here and therefore won’t tollerate any nyashas-myashas!”.
  9. After Poklonskaya returned to Crimea she harshly criticized the Euromaidain protests and the new coup-installed Ukrainian government, which resulted in a criminal case against her in Ukraine and she was stripped of the rank of Counsellor of Justice.
  10. Poklonskaya is fond of sports and likes to keep active whenever she can. "Prosecutors should be fit and in good shape — she's an officer," Poklonskaya said after passing the all-Russian physical culture training program, abbreviated as GTO ("Ready for Labour and Defense").
  11. She is dubbed as the “Iron Princess of Crimea” and in 2015 Poklonskaya announced that she would be running as an MP in the State Duma for the United Russia party; Poklonskaya was elected during the 2016 Russian legislative election. 
  12. Poklonskaya resigned as Prosecutor General on 27 September 2016 due to her election as MP in the State Duma during the 2016 Russian legislative election. 
  13. Prior to her resignation she was the youngest female general in Russia, at age 36.

Friday, March 17, 2017

National Muay Thai Day

  1. March 17th is better known as Muay Thai day to commemorate the extraordinary accomplishment of Nai Khanom Tom, the Thai Martial Arts Festival and Wai Khru Muay Thai Ceremony is staged annually on March 17. 
  2. Muay Thai is the National sport of Thailand but this celebration is not just about Muay Thai but a celebration of the accomplishment of Nai Khanom Tom and celebrated as Boxer's Day, National Muay Boran Day. Muay Thai Day, or National Muay Thai Day”
  3. Muay boran, and therefore Muay Thai, was originally called by more generic names such as Toi muay or simply muay. 
  4. There are several old styles that were developed in various regions of Thailand that are now lumped into the term Muay Boran (literally "Ancient Boxing"), such as "Muay Chaiya," "Muay Thasao," "Muay Lopburi," and "Muay Korat." But regardless on which regional variant it was, both have been driven to near-extinction due to the popularity of the stand up only ring sport we now know as "Muay Thai" (or, "Thai Boxing").
  5. At the time of the fall of the ancient Siam capital of Ayutthaya in 1767, the invading Burmese troops rounded up a group of Thais and took them as prisoners. Among them were a large number of Thai boxers, including Nai Khanom Tom.
  6. At one point, in 1774, King Hsinbyushin wanted to see how Muay Boran would compare to Burmese Lethwei, or Burmese Boxing. 
  7. Nai Khanom Tom, a famous fighter at the time, was selected to fight against a Burmese champion and while in the ring, Nai Khanom Tom did a traditional Wai Kru pre-fight dance, to pay his respects to his teachers and ancestors, as well as the spectators, dancing around his opponent.
  8. After the ritual of the Wai Kru (the Burmese thought that was some sort of Thai black magic) Nai Khanom Tom fought the Burmese boxing champion and won by Knock Out but the referee claimed the win to be invalid because he was distracted by the music and might be some kind of sorcery. The king then sent other 9 fighters, one by one without time breaks between fights. They were all put on the ground by the hands (and knees and elbows) of Nai Khanom Tom.
  9. Impressed by these abilities, King Mangra said: “Every part of the Siamese is blessed with venom. Even with his bare hands, he can fell nine or ten opponents. But his Lord was incompetent and lost the country to the enemy. If he had been any good, there was no way the City of Ayutthaya would ever have fallen“. Then he granted freedom to Nai Khanom Tom and all Siamese (Thais).
  10. King Mangra granted Nai Khanomtom freedom along with either riches or two beautiful Burmese wives. Nai Khanomtom chose the wives as he said that money was easier to find. He then departed with his wives for Siam. Other variations of this story had him also winning the release of his fellow Thai prisoners. 
  11. Muay Thai is referred to as the "Art of Eight Limbs" or the "Science of Eight Limbs", because it makes use of punches, kicks, elbows and knee strikes, thus using eight "points of contact", as opposed to "two points" (fists) in boxing and "four points" (hands and feet) used in other more regulated combat sports, such as kickboxing and savate. 
  12. Nai Khanom Tom
  13. A practitioner of muay Thai is known as a nak muay. Western practitioners are sometimes called Nak Muay Farang, meaning "foreign boxer."

Thursday, March 16, 2017

Book Smugglers Day in Lithuania

  1. In Lithuania, March 16 is celebrated as Knygnešio diena, or the Day of the Book Smugglers, to commemorate the birthday of Jurgis Bielinis, a newspaperman who created a secret distribution network in order to smuggle banned Lithuanian books into the country. 
  2. KNYGNEŠYS (pl. knygnešiai), a name given to a book-carrier (knyga = book, nešti – to carry) who smuggled books and newspapers across the border during the years (1864-1904) of the Russian ban on Lithuanian publications.
  3. The ban was a result of the Soviet occupation of Lithuania, which brought with it militaristic efforts to enforce Russification—including a mandate to replace all Lithuanian-language works printed in the Latin alphabet with Cyrillic works.
  4. During the summer of 1863 Tsar Alexander II issued Temporary Rules for State Junior Schools of the Northwestern Krai, ruling that only Russian-language education would be allowed there.
  5. In 1864, the Governor General of the Vilnius Governorate, Mikhail Muravyov, ordered that Lithuanian language primers were to be printed only in the Cyrillic alphabet. To put down the rebellion, he began by hanging insurgents, which earned him the enduring title of "the hangman."
  6. Muravyov's successor, Konstantin Kaufman, in 1865 banned all Lithuanian-language use of the Latin alphabet. 
  7. In 1866, Tsar Alexander II issued an oral ban on the printing or importing of printed matter in Lithuanian.
  8. Most of the Latin-alphabet Lithuanian-language books and periodicals published at the time were printed in Lithuania Minor and then smuggled into Lithuania. When caught, the book smugglers were punished by fines, banishment, and exile, including deportation to Siberia. Some were simply shot in the head while crossing the border or executed on the spot.
  9. In 1867, Motiejus Valančius, the Bishop of Žemaitija, began to covertly organize and finance this printing abroad and sponsored the distribution of Lithuanian-language books within Lithuania. 
  10. In 1870, his organization was uncovered with the help of Prussian authorities, and five priests and two book smugglers were exiled to remote areas of Russia. Other book smugglers carried on his work.
  11. The policy was lifted in 1904 and completely abolished following the disastrous defeat of the Russians in the Russo-Japanese War, under the official pretext that the Russian Empire needed to pacify its national minorities. During the ban’s final years, it is estimated that more than 30,000 books were being smuggled into the country annually through a number of secret organizations and legal institutions.
  12. In 1905, soon after the ban was lifted, one of the book smugglers, Juozas Masiulis, opened his own bookstore in Panevėžys. This bookstore is still operational, and a chain of bookstores operates in Lithuania under his name.

Wednesday, March 15, 2017

the12list dotcom on its third year

  1. Twelve is a composite number, the smallest number with exactly six divisors, its divisors being 1, 2, 3, 4, 6 and 12. Twelve is also a highly composite number, the next one being twenty-four. Twelve is also a superior highly composite number, the next one being sixty. It is the first composite number of the form p2q; a square-prime, and also the first member of the (p2) family in this form. 12 has an aliquot sum of 16 (133% in abundance). Accordingly, 12 is the first abundant number (in fact a superabundant number) and demonstrates an 8-member aliquot sequence; {12,16,15,9,4,3,1,0} 12 is the 3rd composite number in the 3-aliquot tree. The only number which has 12 as its aliquot sum is the square 121. Only 2 other square primes are abundant (18 and 20).
  2. Twelve is a sublime number, a number that has a perfect number of divisors, and the sum of its divisors is also a perfect number.[11] Since there is a subset of 12's proper divisors that add up to 12 (all of them but with 4 excluded), 12 is a semiperfect number.
  3. If an odd perfect number is of the form 12k + 1, it has at least twelve distinct prime factors.
  4. Twelve is a superfactorial, being the product of the first three factorials. Twelve being the product of three and four, the first four positive integers show up in the equation 12 = 3 × 4, which can be continued with the equation 56 = 7 × 8.
  5. Twelve is the ninth Perrin number, preceded in the sequence by 5, 7, 10,[14] and also appears in the Padovan sequence, preceded by the terms 5, 7, 9 (it is the sum of the first two of these).[15] It is the fourth Pell number, preceded in the sequence by 2 and 5 (it is the sum of the former plus twice the latter).
  6. Twelve is probably the last even number that is the sum of only one pair of prime numbers (5+7). (Goldbach's conjecture)
  7. A twelve-sided polygon is a dodecagon. A twelve-faced polyhedron is a dodecahedron. Regular cubes and octahedrons both have 12 edges, while regular icosahedrons have 12 vertices. Twelve is a pentagonal number. The densest three-dimensional lattice sphere packing has each sphere touching 12 others, and this is almost certainly true for any arrangement of spheres (the Kepler conjecture). Twelve is also the kissing number in three dimensions.
  8. Twelve is the smallest weight for which a cusp form exists. This cusp form is the discriminant Δ(q) whose Fourier coefficients are given by the Ramanujan τ-function and which is (up to a constant multiplier) the 24th power of the Dedekind eta function. This fact is related to a constellation of interesting appearances of the number twelve in mathematics ranging from the value of the Riemann zeta function at −1 i.e. ζ(−1) = −1/12, the fact that the abelianization of SL(2,Z) has twelve elements, and even the properties of lattice polygons.
  9. There are twelve Jacobian elliptic functions and twelve cubic distance-transitive graphs.
  10. There are 12 Latin squares of size 3 × 3.  
  11. The duodecimal system (1210 [twelve] = 1012), which is the use of 12 as a division factor for many ancient and medieval weights and measures, including hours, probably originates from Mesopotamia.
  12. In base thirteen and higher bases (such as hexadecimal), twelve is represented as C. In base 10, the number 12 is a Harshad number.

Tuesday, March 14, 2017

Pi Day

  1. Pi Day is an annual celebration of the mathematical constant π (pi).
  2. Pi Day is observed on March 14 (3/14 in the month/day date format) since 3, 1, and 4 are the first three significant digits of π.
  3. On March 12, 2009, the U.S. House of Representatives passed a non-binding resolution (HRES 224), recognizing March 14, 2009 as National Pi Day.
  4. The earliest known official or large-scale celebration of Pi Day was organized by Larry Shaw in 1988 at the San Francisco Exploratorium, where Shaw worked as a physicist, with staff and public marching around one of its circular spaces, then consuming fruit pies.
  5. The entire month of March 2014 (3/14) was observed by some as "Pi Month".
  6. In the year 2015, Pi Day had special significance on 3/14/15 (mm/dd/yy date format) at 9:26:53 a.m. and also at p.m., with the date and time representing the first 10 digits of π.
  7. Pi Day of 2016 was also significant because its mm/dd/yy represents pi rounded to the first five digits.
  8. Pi Day has been observed in many ways, including eating pie, throwing pies and discussing the significance of the number π, due to a pun based on the words "pi" and "pie" being homophones in English (pronunciation: /paɪ/).
  9. Massachusetts Institute of Technology has often mailed its application decision letters to prospective students for delivery on Pi Day. Starting in 2012, MIT has announced it will post those decisions (privately) online on Pi Day at exactly 6:28 pm, which they have called "Tau Time", to honor the rival numbers pi and tau equally. In 2015, the regular decisions were put online at 9:26 AM, following that year's "pi moment".
  10. The town of Princeton, New Jersey, hosts numerous events in a combined celebration of Pi Day and Albert Einstein's birthday, which is also March 14. Einstein lived in Princeton for more than twenty years while working at the Institute for Advanced Study. In addition to pie eating and recitation contests, there is an annual Einstein look-alike contest.
  11. The number π is a mathematical constant, the ratio of a circle's circumference to its diameter, commonly approximated as 3.14159.
  12. It has been represented by the Greek letter "π" since the mid-18th century, though it is also sometimes spelled out as "pi" (/paɪ/).

Monday, March 13, 2017

National Elephant Day (Thailand)

  1. On 26 May 1998, the Thai government declared the 13th of March to annually be the Thai National Elephant Day or Chang Thai Day (Thai: วันช้างไทย). 
  2. The observance was suggested by the Asian Elephant Foundation of Thailand and submitted to the Coordinating Subcommittee for the Conservation of Thai Elephants. 
  3. The date was chosen because the Royal Forest Department designated the white elephant as the national animal of Thailand on 13 March 1963.
  4. It is also called Chang Thai Day, to draw attention to the importance of human-elephant relationship in Thailand since Thai people have had a close-knit relationship with elephants since ancient times, with the elephant playing a significant role in transportation, labor and battle.
  5. In Thailand, white elephants (ช้างเผือก, chang phueak) are considered sacred and are a symbol of royal power.
  6. Considered the national animal of Thailand, the elephant faced threats to its existence because of habitat invasion by humans and climate changes, amongst the other factors. 
  7. The number of Thai elephants has been reduced from 100,000 to 2,000–3,000 wild elephants and about 2,700 domesticated elephants over the past 100 years.
  8. In the Elephant Kraal Pavillion in the ancient historical city in Ayutthaya province, the elephants are treated to a huge feast of fruits and vegetables, and are even given blessings by a monk during a religious ceremony.
  9. In Pattaya’s Nong Nooch Botanic Garden, the luck ritual included 75 elephants and their mahouts, who also took part in a grand elephant procession at the park.
  10. Some elephant parks will even hold Buddhist rituals where the animals are thoroughly scrubbed and showered before monks are invited to perform ceremonies to wipe away bad luck and wish for good luck for the elephants and their mahouts in the coming year.
  11. Special events are held at a number of venues in northern Thailand including the Thai Elephant Conservation Centre and the Elephant Nature Park.
  12. A mahout is an elephant rider, trainer, or keeper.