- President Rodrigo Duterte was born on 14 March 1945, in Maasin, Leyte.
- His maternal grandfather was a Chinese immigrant from Xiamen, Fujian.
- His father was Vicente G. Duterte (1911–1968), a Cebuano lawyer; and his mother Soledad Duterte (née Roa) (1916–2012), was a school teacher from Cabadbaran, Agusan and a civic leader of Maranao descent.
- Duterte went to Laboon Elementary School in Maasin, for a year and spent his remaining elementary days at the Santa Ana Elementary School in Davao City, where he graduated in 1956.
- He finished his secondary education in the High School Department of the then Holy Cross College of Digos (now Cor Jesu College) in today's city of Digos in the now defunct Davao province, after being expelled twice from previous schools, including one in Ateneo de Davao University High School due to misconduct.
- He graduated in 1968 with a Bachelor of Arts degree in political science at the Lyceum of the Philippines in Manila.
- He obtained a law degree from San Beda College of Law in 1972 passing the bar exam in the same year.
- Duterte has said that he was sexually abused by a priest when he was a minor. After he was challenged by the Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) and AdDU officials to name the priest and file a case against him, Duterte then revealed the priest's name as Fr. Mark Falvey, SJ (d. 1975). The Jesuits of the Society of Jesus in the Philippines confirmed that according to press reports in the United States, in May 2007, the Society of Jesus agreed to a tentative payout of USD16 million to settle claims that Falvey sexually abused at least nine children in Los Angeles from 1959 to 1975.
- On 30 May 2016, the 16th Congress of the Philippines proclaimed Duterte as the 16th President-elect of the Philippines after he topped the official count by the Congress of the Philippines for the 2016 presidential election with 16,601,997 votes.
- At the age of 71, Duterte became the oldest person ever elected to the presidency, after former President Sergio Osmeña.
- Duterte is also the first local chief executive to get elected straight to the Office of the President
- On 7 August 2016, Duterte approved the burial of former President Ferdinand Marcos at the Heroes' Cemetery in Taguig saying that Marcos is qualified for the burial at the cemetery due to him being a "former president and a soldier".