Thursday, July 31, 2014

Wednesday, July 30, 2014

12 Recommended Diabetic Diet Menu

Recommended diabetic diet menu for Filipinos (but others can still try) ...
 

  1. A diabetes meal plan is a guide that tells you how much and what kinds of food you can choose to eat at meals and snack times.
  2. A good meal plan should fit in with your schedule and eating habits.
  3. Everyone needs to eat a certain numbers of calories to survive. Eat more than you need and you gain weight; eat less (or burn more) than you need and you lose weight. Calorie needs depend on gender, age, height, activity level, current weight, and the number of calories your body burns at rest.
  4. People with diabetes have to take extra care to make sure that their food is balanced with insulin and oral medications (if they take them), and exercise to help manage their blood glucose levels.
  5. Your doctor and/or dietitian can help you create a meal plan that is best for you.
  6. There is no one perfect food so including a variety of different foods and watching portion sizes is key to a healthy diet. Pick foods rich in vitamins, minerals and fiber over those that are processed.
  7. People with diabetes can eat the same foods the family enjoys. Everyone benefits from healthy eating so the whole family can take part in healthy eating. It takes some planning but you can fit your favorite foods into your meal plan and still manage your blood glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol.
  8. Remember to eat about every 3 hours and practice portion control. 
  9. A good diabetes meal plan includes:
    • Understanding how different foods and the amounts you eat affect your blood sugar (glucose)
    • Choosing healthy foods
    • Eating your meals at the times appropriate for your diabetes treatment
  10. When planning your meals, keep the following in mind:
    • Keep it colorful by including a wide variety of fruits and vegetables in your diet. When selecting vegetables, it is best to choose from nonstarchy ones such as spinach, carrots, broccoli, or green beans
    • Keep it whole-grain by choosing whole-grain foods instead of processed grain products. Start including brown rice instead of white rice, and serve whole-wheat spaghetti with pasta sauce
    • Swap out the soda by choosing water and calorie-free diet drinks instead of regular soda, fruit punch, sweet tea, and other sugar-sweetened drinks
    • Switch to nonfat dairy products by replacing full-fat milk, yogurt, and cheese with nonfat dairy like skim milk, nonfat yogurt, and nonfat cheese
    • Use liquid oils only when cooking instead of solid fats. Any fat that is solid at room temperature is higher in saturated and trans fats than liquid alternatives. Remember: fats are high in calories, so be mindful when cooking
    • Trim the fat by choosing leaner cuts of meat and try to remove visible fat. Remove skin from poultry. If you roast food, use a rack to let the fat drip off. If you make soup, prepare it a day in advance and place in the refrigerator overnight so the solid fat on top can be removed before serving. Avoid meats that are high in fat, like bacon. Reserve ribs and pork-containing meals for special occasions
    • Cut back on dessert such as high-calorie snack foods and desserts which includes cookies, cakes, and full-fat ice cream which are loaded with calories and fat.
    • Watch your portions. Portion control is a very important part of a healthy meal plan. Eating too much food, even if it is healthy, can lead to weight gain. One great way to learn about portions is to measure how much you serve with measuring cups. You may be surprised how much rice, pasta, meat, or desserts you put on your plate
  11. This recommended diabetic diet menu is for general informational purposes only and is not meant to replace personalized advice given to you by your doctor.
  12. To find out about the amount of carbohydrate that’s right for you, ask your doctor for a referral to a Registered Dietitian.
Screenshot of Diabetic Diet Menu from http://www.coa.gov.ph/gad/articles/1-week_diet_cycle_menus.pdf
 Click link below for the complete menu:


References:

DIABETIC DIET ONE WEEK CYCLE MENU
Diabetes Meal Plans and a Healthy Diet
Outsmart Diabetes 5-Week Meal Plan
Diabetes Menu Plan for prevention and management
Diabetes meal plan recipes
Basics of a Diabetes Meal Plan
Basic diabetic menu for one week
7-Day Diabetes Meal Plan
Diabetes Meal Planning
Seven-Day Type 2 Diabetes Meal Plan

Tuesday, July 29, 2014

12 Recommended Herbs For Diabetes

12 Medicinal Plants or Herbal Plants for Diabetes
  1.   
    Akapulko (Cassia alata) a medicinal plant called "ringworm bush or schrub" and "acapulco" in English, this Philippine herbal medicine is used to treat tinea infections, insect bites, ringworms, eczema, scabies and itchiness.
  2.   
    Ampalaya (Momordica charantia) Common names include "bitter melon " or "bitter gourd " in English. This Philippine herbal medicine has been found to be effective in the treatment of diabetes (diabetes mellitus), hemofrhoids, coughs, burns and scalds, and being studied for anti-cancer properties. It is available commercially in tablet form (Amargozin by Altermed/Pascual Laboratories), in capsule formulation, (Charagen Ampalaya), and as teas.
  3.   
    Bawang (Allium sativum) Common name in english is "Garlic". Bawang is a used in Philippine herbal medicine to treat infection with antibacterial, antiinflammatory, anti-cancer and anti-hypertensive properties. It is widely used to reduce cholesterol level in blood.
  4.   
    Bayabas (Psidium guajava) - "Guava" in English. A Philippine herbal medicine used as antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, antioxidant hepatoprotective, anti-allergy, antimicrobial, anti-plasmodial, anti-cough, antidiabetic, and antigenotoxic in folkloric medicine.
  5.   
    Lagundi (Vitex negundo) - known as "5-leaved chaste tree" in english is used in Philippine herbal medicine to treat cough, colds and fever. It is also used as a relief for asthma & pharyngitis, rheumatism, dyspepsia, boils, and diarrhea.
  6.   
    Niyog-niyogan (Quisqualis indica L.) - is a vine known as "Chinese honey suckle". This Philippine herbal medicine is used to eliminate intestinal parasites.
  7.   
    Sambong (Blumea balsamifera)- English name: "Ngai camphor or Blumea camphor" is a Philippine herbal medicine used to treat kidney stones, wounds and cuts, rheumatism, anti-diarrhea, anti spasms, colds and coughs and hypertension
  8.   
    Tsaang Gubat (Ehretia microphylla Lam.) - English :"Wild tea" is a Philippine herbal medicine taken as tea to treat skin allergies including eczema, scabies and itchiness wounds in child birth
  9.   
    Ulasimang Bato | Pansit-Pansitan (Peperomia pellucida) is a Phillipine herbal medicine known for its effectivity in treating arthritis and gout.
  10.   
    Yerba Buena (Clinopodium douglasii) - commonly known as Peppermint, is used in Philippine herbal medicine as analgesic to relive body aches and pain due to rheumatism and gout. It is also used to treat coughs, colds and insect bites
  11.   
    Banaba
    (Lagerstroemia speciosa) - Banaba is being studied for its application in the treatment of diabetes. Its ability to lower blood sugar is attributed to its corrosolic acid content. The plant is commercially available as tablets, extracts, capsules, powders and teas.
  12.   
    Mabolo (Diospyros blancoi) - A member of the Ebenaceae family, it is also known as the Philippine persimmon, velvet apple or butter fruit (in Singapore). This fruit grows from the Kamagong tree which is native to the Philippines. Indigenous to forestlands in low or medium altitudes in the country, the Kamagong tree is mainly used for furniture and specialty wood products. While the tree is known around the world for its wood, its fruit, mabolo, deserves a bit more attention
References:

DOH Annual Calendar July 2014 4th week - National Diabetes Awareness Week
DIABETES AWARENESS WEEK
Diabetes Week
National Diabetes Week 2014

Philippine Traditional and Alternative Medicine
What is lagundi
The 10 Best Philippine Medicinal Plants
Herbal medications to prevent diabetes?
Kamote
Philippines Medicinal Herbal Plants and its Uses
Examples of Herbal Plants here in the Philippines
Mabolo Fruit for Diabetics
Discovering mabolo
Philippine Herbal Medicine

Monday, July 28, 2014

12 Filipino Personalities With Diabetes

  1. Gary Valenciano or Gary V, a famous musician whose dance and musical artistry and performance is likened with Michael Jackson
  2. Mike Enriquez, the famous news and television anchor and host and radio newscaster from GMA
  3. Arnold Clavio, reports the early-morning news on the TV show Unang Hirit, and hosts Sanib Puwersa (with Mel Tiangco) and Tonight with Arnold Clavio on the GMA News Channel
  4. Jaya, a famous R&B Filipino singer known as “Soul Diva” and “The Asia’s Queen of Soul”
  5. Alma Moreno, a dramatic actress in 70’s and 80’s who became a politician
  6. Marissa Sanchez, a singer actress and comedian
  7. Sammy Lagmay, a comedian
  8. April Boy Regino, the juke box king who is also hypertensive at the same time
  9. Dr. Juan Flavier, former Philippine senator and former secretary of the Department of Health
  10. Renato Corona, the recently impeached chief Justice who was even controversial when he walked out of the court for discomforts with his sickness
  11. Mona Louise Rey, child actress of GMA’s “Aso ni San Roque” and has been injecting her own insulin at a very young age
  12. Nadine Samonte, a famous young actress who is a product of GMA’s Star Struck Artista search project
References:

Filipino Celebrities with Diabetes
Celebrities with diabetes
8 Celebrities with Diabetes Who Inspire Us
Wear blue, dance, or hula-hoop on World Diabetes Day
Diabetes and the Filipino diet
Famous People With Diabetes: Gary Valenciano
12 Celebrities With Type 2 Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes Affects Famous Folks, Too
Buddy Talk with Mike Enriquez & Arnold Clavio
Arnold Clavio wants to increase awareness on Type 1 Diabetes

Sunday, July 27, 2014

12 Facts About Diabetes

  1. Diabetes mellitus (MEL-ih-tus), often referred to as diabetes, is characterized by high blood glucose (sugar) levels that result from the body’s inability to produce enough insulin and/or effectively utilize the insulin.
  2. Diabetes is a disorder of metabolism (the body's way of digesting food and converting it into energy).
  3. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that accounts for five- to 10-percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes.
  4. Type 2 diabetes may account for 90- to 95-percent of all diagnosed cases.
  5. The third type of diabetes occurs in pregnancy and is referred to as gestational diabetes.  Left untreated, gestational diabetes can cause health issues for pregnant women and their babies.
  6. Less common types of diabetes are caused by genetic conditions, medications, pancreatic disorders, infections, and other diseases.
  7. The classic symptoms of untreated diabetes are weight loss, polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst), and polyphagia (increased hunger).Symptoms may develop rapidly (weeks or months) in type 1 diabetes, while they usually develop much more slowly and may be subtle or absent in type 2 diabetes.
  8. Diabetes was one of the first diseases described, with an Egyptian manuscript from c. 1500 BCE mentioning "too great emptying of the urine". The first described cases are believed to be of type 1 diabetes. Indian physicians around the same time identified the disease and classified it as madhumeha or "honey urine", noting the urine would attract ants.
  9. The term "diabetes" or "to pass through" was first used in 230 BCE by the Greek Appollonius of Memphis. The disease was considered rare during the time of the Roman empire, with Galen commenting he had only seen two cases during his career. This is possibly due the diet and life-style of the ancient people, or because the clinical symptoms were observed during the advanced stage of the disease. Galen named the disease "diarrhea of the urine" (diarrhea urinosa). The earliest surviving work with a detailed reference to diabetes is that of Aretaeus of Cappadocia (2nd or early 3rd century CE). He described the symptoms and the course of the disease, which he attributed to the moisture and coldness, reflecting the beliefs of the "Pneumatic School". He hypothesized a correlation of diabetes with other diseases and he discussed differential diagnosis from the snakebite which also provokes excessive thirst. His work remained unknown in the West until the middle of the 16th century when, in 1552, the first Latin edition was published in Venice.
  10. Type 1 and type 2 diabetes were identified as separate conditions for the first time by the Indian physicians Sushruta and Charaka in 400-500 CE with type 1 associated with youth and type 2 with being overweight. The term "mellitus" or "from honey" was added by the Briton John Rolle in the late 1700s to separate the condition from diabetes insipidus, which is also associated with frequent urination. Effective treatment was not developed until the early part of the 20th century, when Canadians Frederick Banting and Charles Herbert Best isolated and purified insulin in 1921 and 1922. This was followed by the development of the long-acting insulin NPH in the 1940s.
  11. The word diabetes (/ˌdaɪ.əˈbiːtiːz/ or /ˌdaɪ.əˈbiːtɨs/) comes from Latin diabētēs, which in turn comes from Ancient Greek διαβήτης (diabētēs) which literally means "a passer through; a siphon."[69] Ancient Greek physician Aretaeus of Cappadocia (fl. 1st century CE) used that word, with the intended meaning "excessive discharge of urine", as the name for the disease.[70][71][72] Ultimately, the word comes from Greek διαβαίνειν (diabainein), meaning "to pass through,"[69] which is composed of δια- (dia-), meaning "through" and βαίνειν (bainein), meaning "to go".[70] The word "diabetes" is first recorded in English, in the form diabete, in a medical text written around 1425.
  12. The word mellitus (/mɨˈlaɪtəs/ or /ˈmɛlɨtəs/) comes from the classical Latin word mellītus, meaning "mellite"[73] (i.e. sweetened with honey;[73] honey-sweet[74]). The Latin word comes from mell-, which comes from mel, meaning "honey";[73][74] sweetness;[74] pleasant thing,[74] and the suffix -ītus,[73] whose meaning is the same as that of the English suffix "-ite".[75] It was Thomas Willis who in 1675 added "mellitus" to the word "diabetes" as a designation for the disease, when he noticed the urine of a diabetic had a sweet taste (glycosuria).[71] This sweet taste had been noticed in urine by the ancient Greeks, Chinese, Egyptians, Indians, and Persians.
References:

DOH Annual Calendar July 2014 4th week - National Diabetes Awareness Week
DIABETES AWARENESS WEEK
Diabetes Week
National Diabetes Week 2014

Diabetes mellitus
10 Best Foods for Diabetes and Blood Sugar
Diabetes Superfoods
Top 25 Power Foods for Diabetes

Saturday, July 26, 2014

12 Signs And Symptoms Of Diabetes

  1. Frequent urination or disproportionate increase of urination
  2. Excessive thirst or disproportionate increase of thirst
  3. Increased hunger or excessive hunger
  4. Sudden weight loss or losing weight without trying
  5. Tiredness, weakness, fatigue
  6. Lack of interest and concentration
  7. A tingling sensation or numbness in the hands or feet which is called  neuropathy
  8. Blurred vision
  9. Frequent infections or more skin and/or yeast infections
  10. Slow-healing wounds and sores
  11. Vomiting and stomach pain (often mistaken as the flu)
  12. Dry and itchy skin
References:

DOH Annual Calendar July 2014 4th week - National Diabetes Awareness Week
DIABETES AWARENESS WEEK
Diabetes Week
National Diabetes Week 2014

Top 10 Symptoms of Diabetes
Top Warning Signs of Diabetes
Diabetes symptoms: When diabetes symptoms are a concern
Signs and symptoms of diabetes

Friday, July 25, 2014

12 Things About Philippine Diabetes Assocation

12 Historical Facts of the Philippine Diabetes Assocation
  1. September 27, 1958 - The memorable event was prompted by the visit to the Philippines of a distinguished pioneer in the diabetes mellitus from Joslin Clinic of Boston, Massachusetts, Dr. Howard Root. On this date, the charter members and a few other internists met at the historical Club Filipino.
  2. The first set of officers were elected as follows: Dr. Wenceslao Vitug, President; Dr. Paolo Campos, Vice-President; Dr. Carmen Salgo-Ora, Secretary; Dr. Aniceta Barcelon Guevara, Treasurer; and Dr. Antonio Ordonez, PRO. Elected to the Board of Directors were: Dr. Mariano Alimurung, Dr. Agustin Liboro, Dr. Conrado Pascual, Dr. Jesus Nolasco and Dr. Alfredo Navato. Their terms of office extended up to 1960.
  3. On February 22, 1962, the Association was incorporated under the term of Dr. Basilio Valdes, who maintains the distinction of being the only physician to have served as Army Chief of Staff. The complete list of the PDA Presidents is a display of distinguished names in the Philippine Medicine:Dr. Wenceslao Vitug (1958-1960); Dr. Basilio Valdes (1961-1965); Dr. Agustin Liboro (1966-1968); Dr. Paolo Campos (1969-1970); Dr. Carmen Salgo-Ora (1970-1971); Dr. Gonzalo Austria (1971-1972); Dr. Sergio Rustia (1973-1974); Dr. Aurora V. Cinco (1975-1976); Dr. Germinio J. Germar (1976-1977); Dr. Lim Uy-Ching (1977-1978); Dr. Nestor M. Santiago (1978-1979); Dr. Virgilio L. Gonzales (1979-1980); Dr. Leland S. Villadolid (1980-1981); Dr. Flora Pascasio (1981-1982); Dr. Augusto D. Litonjua (1983-1994); Dr. Mary Anne Lim-Abrahan (1995-1996); Dr. Lina C. Lantion-Ang (1996-2000); Dr.Ruby T. Go (2001-2002); Dr. Rosa Allyn G. Sy (2003-2004);Dr. Ma. Teresa Plata-Que (2005-2006).
  4. PDA became a staunch advocate of education as a right of the diabetic patient and as a fundamental component in the treatment of diabetes mellitus in addition on nutrition, exercise and hypoglycemic medication. In line with this, educational clinics were established nationwide alongside the PDA Chapters which started to be organized in 1987. The provincial chapter was tasked with the setting up of local educational clinic that would serve the community making the Philippines a frontrunner in the Asean region in this aspect. Training of the trainors was accomplished through a 2-day course carried out by Dr. Litonjua himself with the assistance of diabetes educators of the Makati Medical Center Diabetes Educational Clinic and various Endocrine Fellows of the Makati Medical Center and UP-PGH Medical Center. The first PDA chapter was established in Davao City, 1987. Other PDA Chapters followed bringing the number to a total of thirty one. At present, the existing PDA chapters are as follows:

    Albay, Baguio-Benguet, Batangas, Bulacan, Bohol, Cagayan de Oro, Cagayan Valley, Camarines Sur, Camarines Norte, Capiz & Roxas, Cavite, Cebu, Davao, Ilocos Sur, Ilocos Iloilo, La Union, laguna, Leyte, Masbate, Misamis Occidental, Negros Occidental, Nueva Ecija, Palawan, Pangasinan, Quezon, Quezon City, Rizal, Sorsogon, Zamboanga - Zamboanga del Norte.

    In 1987, PDA and Philippine Society of Endocrinology co-hosted the 4th Congress of the Asean Federation of Endocrine Societies held at the Manila Garden Hotel (now Dusit Hotel) from December 5-10.
  5. PDA underwent several milestone during the period 1983-1994. The PDA Lay Organization was set-up. The Association won recognition as member of the prestigious Internal Diabetes Federation (IDF) as well as IDF Western Pacific Region. It came out with the semi-annual publication of DiabetesWatch with 15,000 to 20,000 copies per issue given free to physicians and patients. The diabetes magazine features new as well as scientific articles on diabetes mellitus for the layman. To date, The DiabetesWatch has a wider circulation, with copies now being sent to Metro Manila's Medical School Libraries (UP-PGH, UST, FEU, MCU, UERMMMC)
  6. PDA Workshops were conducted in various places of the country beginning in 1990. The workshops were concieved to provide an intensive 3-day course to physician members of the PDA chapter which coordinated the respective workshop. The medical members of the PDA board of directors served as faculty members. The different aspects of diabetes mellitus were tackled in each workshop with the intention to upgrade the participants' expertise in the management of diabetes mellitus.
  7. In June 1991, the PDA Board decided to change the PDA seal to dramatize present concern for the family, not only the diabetic patient. The original seal contained the staff of Aesculapius, the cup and the beehive in the background. After a nationwide PDA Logo contest, the present seal portraying the family being cupped by two hands was recognized in December 1991. The motif was based on the winning entry of Dr. Gregorio del Moral of UST.
  8. Whereas before, the PDA had no permanent headquarters, it now beams with pride to have a permanent home located at Unit 25, Facilities Centre, 548 Shaw Boulevard, Mandaluyong City with Telephone and Fax No. (632) 531-12-78; E-mail address: phildiab@pworld.net.ph . The offices were inagurated on June 15, 1992 with the attendance of past PDA presidents, and the heads of its pharmaceutical corporate members.
  9. The intensification of the education drive included regional training courses for diabetes educator nurses and dieticians, the holding of a midyear PDA Convention with the first one held on July 10, 1992 aside from the annual convention and the active participation of PDA during the Diabetes Awareness Week which is celebrated on the last week of July each year. President Fidel V. Ramos Proclamation No. 213 on July 22, 1993, designating the last of week of July of each as Diabetes Awareness Week. 
  10. In 1995, the PDA co-hosted with PSEm the 8th AFES Congress at the PICC in Manila, Philippines. A total of 1,002 delegates, attended the Congress (So far unsurpassed as of this meeting) and they remembered the Banquet Night where Mrs. Lydia Buendia, A professor of UP lead the delegates to the rhythm of Macarena as a form of healthy exercise at the Nayong Pilipino fair grounds.
  11. In 1998, the PDA joined forces with the PSH & PLS in putting up seed money to conduct Hypertension, Diabetes and Lipid Survey in the Philippines in cooperation with FNRI-DOH to update data on the 3 disease for 1999. Other Researches completed for 1998 were the Diabetes Data Collection Program (DCDCP) and Diabcare Asia Study.
  12. In 1999, An Advanced Module on Diabetic Foot was conducted by Dr. Teresa Plata-Que on April 11, 1999. A mini lecture on Medical Nutrition and Exercise was conducted by PDA as per invitation of the Medical Director of the Asian Development Bank (ADB) on March 10, 1999. A total of 88 personnel listened to lectures given by Dr. Rosa Allyn Sy, Imelda Cardino, moderated by Dr. Lina Lantion-Ang, President. In 1999, Para-Medical Personnel (Nurses & Dieticians) have been allowed to attend the 1st day of the PDA Workshop.
References:

DOH Annual Calendar July 2014 4th week - National Diabetes Awareness Week
DIABETES AWARENESS WEEK
Diabetes Week
National Diabetes Week 2014
History of the Philippine Diabetes Association

Diabetes Philippines

Thursday, July 24, 2014

12 Things About Diabetes Awareness Week

DIABETES AWARENESS WEEK

  1. Philippine Diabetes Awareness Week was signed as Proclamation 213 by former president Fidel V. Ramos in 1993.
  2. Diabetes Awareness Week is held every 4th week of July.
  3. First (1st) objective is to promote awareness of diabetes through early detection and through educational programs.
  4. Second (2nd) objective is to prevent the onset and progression of complication through promotion of healthy lifestyle and mass screening program.
  5. The Philippine Center for Diabetes Education Foundation, Inc, has spearheaded the campaign to increase public awareness of Diabetes and its many complications.
  6. Based on studies, frequent consumption of brown rice may reduce the incidence of cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, heart disease and stroke. Cancer and diabetes may also be diminished by eating brown rice.
  7. Diabetes, a disease associated with high sugar levels in the body, is usually diagnosed among obese people, those with improper diet and sedentary lifestyle.
  8. Individuals with family history of diabetes mellitus (DM), heart diseases, hypertension and high levels of uric acid and lipids are in the high-risk groups. 
  9. People in highly stressed conditions are also included in risk groups.
  10. Prevention and control of diabetes includes reduction of intake of sweets, fatty and salty foods; having a healthy diet and regular exercise regimen; maintenance of normal body weight; limited intake of alcohol, and quitting smoking (if a smoker); occasional relaxation; and avoidance of stressful situations.
  11. Diabetes, however, is not readily diagnosed and is determined by a thorough blood examination. No cure is known and therapy would be necessary for the rest of the patient's life.
  12. Although, the Philippines has its own Diabetes Awareness Week celebration; in keeping with the IDF, The Diabetes Philippines celebrates World Diabetes Day each year.  It is celebrated simultaneously in nationwide events through Diabetes Philippines Chapters.
References:

DOH Annual Calendar July 2014 4th week - National Diabetes Awareness Week
DIABETES AWARENESS WEEK
Diabetes Week
National Diabetes Week 2014
Diabetes Awareness Week highlights brown rice
Philippine Diabetes Awareness Week
Today in Philippine History, July 22, 1993, the last week of July of each year was designated as Diabetes Awareness Week 
Diabetes Philippines
Proclamation No. 213, s. 1993
Official Calendar
Natl Diabetes Awareness Week
Every 4th Week of July is National Diabetes Awareness Week! PROCLAMATION NO. 213

Wednesday, July 23, 2014

Apolinario Mabini 150 Years

In celebration of the birth sesquicentennial of Apolinario Mabini, here are some legacies about him.


  1. The house where Mabini died is now located in the campus of the Polytechnic University of the Philippines (PUP) in Santa Mesa, Manila, having been moved twice. The simple nipa retains the original furniture, and some of the books he wrote, and also contains souvenir items, while hosting the municipal library and reading facilities.
  2. Mabini was buried in his town of birth - what is now Talaga, Tanauan City, Batangas. A replica of the house Mabini was born in was also constructed on the site, and also contains memorabilia.
  3. Mabini's face adorns the Philippine Ten peso bill in 1998, along with that of Andrés Bonifacio, and the pair has been featured on the 10-peso coin since 2000.
  4. Four Philippine municipalities are named after Mabini: Mabini, Batangas; Mabini, Bohol; Mabini, Compostela Valley, and Mabini, Pangasinan.
  5. The Philippine Navy's Jacinto class corvette, BRP Apolinario Mabini (PS-36) which was acquired in 1997, is also named after Mabini.
  6. Southern Tagalog Arterial Road (STAR), an expressway that connect the province of Batangas to the SLEX, was renamed Apolinario Mabini Superhighway in 2007 when President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo signed Republic Act 9462.
  7. Apolinario Mabini Bridge, formerly known as Nagtahan Bridge in the City of Manila, was renamed in his honor in 1967 by President Ferdinand Marcos through Proclamation No. 234.
  8. There is a reef called the Mabini Reef which is also known as the Johnson South Reef located in the Spratlys Islands at the West Philippine Sea.
  9. At least 6 national roads, 19 streets in Metro Manila, 5 health facilities, 80 elementary and secondary schools, and 3 colleges nationwide have Mabini in their names.
  10. The Apolinario Mabini Award is a prestigious national award given by the President of the Republic of the Philippines  to Persons with Disabilities (PWD) whose work and accomplishments in the last five years promote the human rights and dignity of Filipinos with disability.
  11. In 2013, the Polytechnic University of the Philippines, through the College of Communication, launched its first media recognition called the PUP Mabini Media Awards. With over 40 categories in five media flat forms – television, radio, print, advertising and online media –the award giving body commends outstanding programs and individuals in the said fields.
  12. Established in 2003 pursuant to Executive Order No. 236, or The Honors Code of the Philippines, the Gawad Mabini is conferred upon DFA personnel and Filipinos who have rendered distinguished service and promoted the interests of the Philippines at home and overseas.
Screenshot from http://www.gov.ph/mabini150/
References:

Biography of Apolinario Mabini 
Kabataan at Edukasyon ni Apolinario Mabini
July 23 2014 declared a holiday in Batangas
2014 IS THE BIRTH SESQUICENTENNIAL OF APOLINARIO MABINI JULY 23, 1864 - MAY 13, 1903
Apolinario Mabini From Wikipedia
Lodges Form Regional Grand Council
Author Topic: 107th Death Anniversary of Apolinario Mabini  (Read 1011 times)
The Origin of Mabini Pangasinan
FAST FACTS: The life and legacy of Apolinario Mabini
Top 5 Historical Places in Manila
APOLINARIO MABINI AWARDS FOR 2013
PNoy Confers Apolinario Mabini Award to Visually Impaired Zamboangueño
DFA confers Mabini awards on 16 diplomats 
1st PUP Mabini Media Awards: Grateful to be recognized as Best Blog by the PUP students

Tuesday, July 22, 2014

12 Facts About Hermano Pule

 De la Cruz, Apolinario (1815-1841) 
  1. Apolinario De la Cruz was also known as Hermano Pule (Brother Pule).
  2. He was a Filipino religious leader who tried to provide native-born Filipinos with a means of entering a career in the Roman Catholic Church which meant opposing the Spanish rulers of the Philippines during that time.
  3. Hermano Pule was born in Barrio Pandác in the town of Lucban in Tayabas Province (now Quezon) on 22 July 1815. 
  4. His parents were wealthy and devout Roman Catholics named Pablo de la Cruz and Juana Andres.
  5. As a young man in 1829, he went to Manila and tried to join the Dominican Order to become a Catholic priest, but no Catholic order would accept a native Filipino during those times.
  6. He was accepted as a donado in the San Juan de Dios Hospital and he was admitted to the Cofrad'ia de San Juan de Dios, a religious brotherhood open to the native-born, which was an affiliate of the hospital that opened De la Cruz's interest in public speaking. 
  7. He was expelled from the hospital for reasons unknown and went back to his native town, Lucban, and founded  Cofradia de San José (Confraternity of St. Joseph) in 1832 which was composed of native Filipinos.
  8. The aims of the cofradia were never clear in the accounts, but one of them was to honor Saint Joseph and Virgin Mary by having a mass celebrated on the 19th of every month. This gave historian David P. Barrows reason to describe the cofradia as a "special cult."
  9. Apolinario started the Cofradia with 19 members and called himself, being the leader, as hermano mayor, thus, he became widely known as Hermano Pule and later on, the Confraternity's membership rose up to 5,000 members which prompted the Spaniards to suspect that it was a secret political organization set to overthrow the state. 
  10. In 1 November 1841, Spanish soldiers attacked Apolonio De la Cruz and his followers and after fours hours of fighting, a thousand members were killed.
  11. Hermano Pule was able to escape to Sariaya, Quezon but was tracked, captured, arrested, tried for treason, executed at the age of 26 on 4 November 1841 and and as a warning those who are similarly inclined, his body was cut into pieces while his head was placed in a cage and was hung on a pole along the road leading to Majayjay town. Two days later on 6 November 1841, prominent members Dionisio de los Reyes and Miguel de Jesus, both of tayabas Town, and Francisco Espinosa of Sariaya, were executed by a firing squad.
  12. A monument in his honor now stands in Tayabas City, and his death anniversary is a holiday in Quezon Province and Hermano Pule may have influenced secular priest José Burgos - who was executed in 1872 - to demand for racial equality in the clergy.

Bust of Hermano Pule; Photo courtesy of Watawat Website
References

2010 World Book
APOLINARIO DELA CRUZ (1815-1841)
APOLINARIO A. DE LA CRUZ (1815-1841) Crusader of Religious Freedom
Hermano Pule
HERMANO PULE AND THE COFRARIA DE SAN JOSE'

Monday, July 21, 2014

12 Basic Useful Linux Commands

  1. command displays active processes:   
    • ps
  2. command displays your username:   
    • whoami
  3. displays the file system block usage (-h option provides "Human-readable" output i.e. you will see it in Byte, Kilobyte, Megabyte, Gigabyte, Terabyte and Petabyte):   
    • du -h
  4. show statistics about the amount of free disk space:  
    • df
  5. command lists all of the files and subdirectories you have in a given directory:  
    • ls
  6. check Linux version info or running kernel information:  
    • cat /proc/version
  7. check linux kernel version number and system information:  
    • uname -mars
  8. check distribution-specific information or distribution version:   
    • lsb_release -a OR cat /etc/*release
  9. check if CPU is 32bit or 64bit:  
    • grep flags /proc/cpuinfo
  10. used to resynchronize the package index files from the their sources specified in /etc/apt/sources.list file. The update command fetched the packages from their locations and update the packages to newer version:  
    • sudo apt-get update
  11. used to upgrade all the currently installed software packages on the system. Under any circumstances currently installed packages are not removed or packages which are not already installed neither retrieved and installed to satisfy upgrade dependencies:   
    • sudo apt-get upgrade
  12. used to free up the disk space by cleaning retrieved (downloaded) .deb files (packages) from the local repository:  
    • sudo apt-get clean

Sunday, July 20, 2014

Remembering The Plot To Kill Hitler


  1. The year 2014 marks the 70th anniversary of the 1944 Hitler assassination plot centered around Colonel Claus Schenk von Graf Stauffenberg and including military and civilian conspirators.
  2. This day is a symbol of résistance and the will to end tyranny and totalitarianism.
  3. On 20 July 1944, the German resistance movement with principal figures that include Ludwig Beck (Former general); Wilhelm Canaris (Head of Military Intelligence); Hans Oster (Deputy Head of Military Intelligence); Helmuth von Moltke (Legal advisor to Canaris); Heinrich von Stülpnagel (Military governor of France); Carl Gördeler (Price Control Commissioner); Friedrich Olbricht (Colonel-General); Henning von Tresckow (Major-General); and Claus von Stauffenberg (Colonel; Chief of Staff Army Reserve) tried to assassinate Adolf Hitler and tragically failed at the attempt.
  4. The night after the failed assassination, Stauffenberg, Olbricht and two other co-conspirators were executed by firing squad in the courtyard of the military headquarters, known as the Bendler Block, in Berlin and in the following weeks and months, the Gestapo rounded up some 7,000 people associated or suspected in the resistance and killed them.
  5. According to records of the Führer Conferences on Naval Affairs, 4,980 of these were executed.
  6. Today, the Bendler Block complex remains the home of Germany’s defense ministry and also houses the German Resistance Memorial Center wherein military and government leaders hold an annual commemoration of the July 20 plot in the courtyard of the Bendler Block and at the Plötzensee Memorial Center and it has also become tradition that new soldiers of the Bundeswehr are sworn in on this day every year in a ceremony with high-ranking guest speakers in Berlin.
  7. Operation Valkyrie (Unternehmen Walküre) was a German World War II emergency continuity of government operations plan issued to the Territorial Reserve Army of Germany which was approved by Hitler to execute and implement in case of a failure of the government to maintain control of civil affairs which could be caused by the Allied bombing of German cities, or a rising of the millions of foreign forced laborers working in German factories.
  8. German Army (Heer) officers General Friedrich Olbricht, Major General Henning von Tresckow, and Colonel Claus von Stauffenberg modified Operation Valkyrie with the intention of using it to take control of German cities, disarm the SS, and arrest the Nazi leadership once Hitler had been assassinated in the July 20 Plot because Hitler's death (as opposed to his arrest) was required to free German soldiers from their oath of loyalty to him (Reichswehreid).
  9. Peter Hoffman's 1970 book on the topic, The History of the German Resistance, 1933-1945, is the most authoritative detailed work on the subject.
  10. The July Bomb Plot was not the first attempt to kill Hitler, but it was the one that came the closest to success and the other attempts include Baron Henning von Tresckow, a staff officer, who had sent two brandy bottles disguised as bombs to a friend at Rastenburg - Major-General Helmuth Stieff. Stieff was a staff officer of the Army High Command at Rastenburg. He would have had the ability to put the bombs anywhere. The bomb failed to go off and Tresckow had to spend time retrieving them. Colonel von Gersdorff, a young officer in Tresckow's circle offered himself as a suicide bomber when Hitler was to open a museum in Berlin. This failed as Hitler could not make up his mind whether to open the new museum or not. In November 1943, Axel von dem Bussche, a young army officer, offered to blow himself up while modeling a new military great coat in front of Hitler. This only failed because Hitler, once again, cancelled the meeting.
  11. On 30 April 1945, shortly before Germany surrendered to the Allies, Hitler committed suicide and the Wolf’s Lair compound, where the Nazi leader spent more than 800 days between 1941 and 1944, was blown up by the Soviet army in January 1945.
  12. Ewald von Kleist died on 8 March 2013 at the age of 90 and he was the last surviving conspirator against Adolf Hitler.

Saturday, July 19, 2014

12 Coaches of San Mig

Long Title: 12 Coaches of Purefoods AKA San Mig Super Coffee and their corresponding Purefoods team name

With the recent win of San Mig last Wednesday, 9 July 2014, it is befitting to post here the 12 former coaches of the team that was previously known as Purefoods since 1988.

Tim Cone is the present coach of the team who had claimed his second Grand Slam win since 1996 when he was a coach of the Alaska team.

12 Coaches of San Mig
  1. Ramon Fernandez (1988) - Purefoods Hotdogs (1988–90)
  2. Cris Calilan (interim, 1988) - Purefoods Hotdogs (1988–90)
  3. Baby Dalupan (1989–1990) - Purefoods Hotdogs (1988–90)
  4. Ely Capacio ✝ (1991–1992) - Purefoods Tender Juicy Hotdogs (1991–92, 1994–96, 1999–2005)
  5. Domingo Panganiban (1992) - Purefoods Tender Juicy Hotdogs (1991–92, 1994–96, 1999–2005)
  6. Chot Reyes (1993–1996) - Purefoods Tender Juicy Hotdogs (1991–92, 1994–96, 1999–2005); Coney Island Ice Cream Stars (1993, 1994); Purefoods Oodles (1993)
  7. Eric Altamirano (1997), (2001) - Purefoods Corned Beef Cowboys (1997); Purefoods Tender Juicy Hotdogs (1991–92, 1994–96, 1999–2005)
  8. Chito Narvasa (1998) - Purefoods Carne Norte Beefies (1998)
  9. Derrick Pumaren (1999–2000) - Purefoods Tender Juicy Hotdogs (1991–92, 1994–96, 1999–2005)
  10. Ryan Gregorio (interim, 2002), (2003–2010) - Purefoods Tender Juicy Hotdogs (1991–92, 1994–96, 1999–2005); Purefoods Chunkee Giants (2005–07); Purefoods Tender Juicy Giants (2007–10)
  11. Jorge Gallent (2010–2011) - B-Meg Derby Ace Llamados (2010–2011)
  12. Tim Cone (2011–Present) - B-Meg Llamados (2011–12); San Mig Coffee Mixers (2012–13); San Mig Super Coffee Mixers (2013–present)
12 historical names of San Mig:
  1. Purefoods Hotdogs (1988–90)
  2. Purefoods Tender Juicy Hotdogs (1991–92, 1994–96, 1999–2005)
  3. Coney Island Ice Cream Stars (1993, 1994)
  4. Purefoods Oodles (1993)
  5. Purefoods Corned Beef Cowboys (1997)
  6. Purefoods Carne Norte Beefies (1998)
  7. Purefoods Chunkee Giants (2005–07)
  8. Purefoods Tender Juicy Giants (2007–10)
  9. B-Meg Derby Ace Llamados (2010–2011)
  10. B-Meg Llamados (2011–12)
  11. San Mig Coffee Mixers (2012–13)
  12. San Mig Super Coffee Mixers (2013–present)
http://www.pba-online.net/team/San-Mig-Coffee/6/
References:

Friday, July 18, 2014

12 Things About Nelson Mandela

  1. Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was born on 18 July 1918 in Umtata, in the Transkei territory of South Africa.
  2. His father was a chief of the Xhosa-speaking Tembu people.
  3. He received a bachelor's degree in 1943 at the South African Native College (now the University of Fort Hare) and the University of South Africa.
  4. He passed the bar in 1952 after studying law at the University of Witwatersrand.
  5. In 1952, in Johannesburg, he and political ally Oliver Tambo opened the first black law partnership in South Africa.
  6. Mandela joined the African National Congress (ANC) in 1944 and helped form the organization's Youth League and in 1956, the government arrested Mandela and others on a charge of treason, but he was found not guilty in 1961 and it was also in 1961 when he became the commander-in-chief of Umkhonto we Sizwe (Spear of the Nation), an organization committed to an armed struggle against apartheid.
  7. In 1964, he was convicted of sabotage and conspiracy and sentenced to life in prison and was released in 1990.
  8. Mandela and then-President F. W. de Klerk of South Africa shared the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize, were honored for their work to end apartheid and to enable the country's nonwhites to fully participate in the South African government.
  9. In April 1994, in the first South African election in which all races could vote, the ANC won a majority of the Assembly seats, and Mandela became president, the first black president of South Africa, serving from 1994 to 1999.
  10. Mandela stepped down as head of the ANC in 1997 and in 1999, he retired as president of South Africa.
  11. Nelson and Winnie Mandela divorced in 1996 and in 1998, Mandela married Graca Machel, the widow of former President Somora Machel of Mozambique.
  12. He passed away on 5 December 2013 at the age of 95 due to prolonged respiratory infection at around 20:50 local time (UTC+2) at his home in Houghton, Johannesburg, surrounded by his family.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Nelson_Mandela-2008_%28edit%29.jpg

Reference:

2010 World Book

Thursday, July 17, 2014

Treadmill Running 12 Tips


Treadmill running is an alternative way to run if you do not have time to go outside due to some reasons such as bad weather or not just in the mood to go out. Personally, I use the treadmill before going to work. 5 to 8 minutes will suffice already depending on the available time so as not to be late for work. Before, I rarely use the treadmill for running but since this is one of the available alternative for me to keep fit, I am now a treadmill believer. Treadmill running is an additional training for my long distance running adventures.

If you are browsing for some tips to make your treadmill running worthwhile, here are twelve (12) recommendations. 
  1. Make sure you warm up.
  2. Use a slight incline.
  3. Don't make it too steep.
  4. Don't hold onto the handrail or console.
  5. Don't forget your cool down.
  6. Don't lean forward.
  7. Pay attention to your stride.
  8. Work on improving your stride count.
  9. Listen to music.
  10. Visualize a route.
  11. Don't forget to hydrate.
  12. Don't look down.
Treadmill at home

References:

12 Tips for Treadmill Running
Cold Weather Running 

It Made A Treadmill Believer Out Of Me!
10 Boredom-Busting Treadmill Workouts
Advice for first ever tempo run on treadmill? (Read 183 times)

Wednesday, July 16, 2014

July 16, 1990 Earthquake

24 years ago ...
  1. ... one of the most memorable earthquake that devastated many lives and properties struck the Philippines.  
  2. 07/16/1990 was the date that an earthquake occurred in Luzon, Philippines and
  3. 4:26 PM was the exact time that the earthquake happened.
  4. 45 seconds was the recorded duration of the earthquake.
  5. 7.8 was the recorded magnitude of the earthquake.
  6. 15° 42' N and 121° 7' E was the epicenter of the earthquake which is near the town of Rizal, Nueva Ecija.
  7. 5-star Hyatt Terraces Hotel was the worst damage building in Baguio City.
  8. 48 was the number of hours after the earthquake when Baguio City was isolated from the rest of the Philippines due to the shutdown of major vehicular routes such as Kennon Road, Naguilian Road and Marcos Highway which took three days to be cleared from debris caused by landslides.
  9. 11 days was the number of days that Luisa Mallorca and Arnel Calabia struggled to survive in part by drinking their own urine while they were under rubble of the collapsed Hyatt Terraces Hotel in South Drive, Baguio City.
  10. 14 days was cited as a world record for entombment underneath rubble which happened to hotel cook Pedrito Dy who survived by drinking rainwater and who was recovered alive from the collapsed Hyatt Terraces Hotel.
  11. 20 was the age of the high school student named Robin Garcia who was credited with rescuing at least eight students and teachers by twice returning under the rubble of the Christian Colleges of the Philippines (CCP) to retrieve survivors but was killed by an aftershock hours after the quake while trying to rescue more survivors, and he received several posthumous tributes, including medal of honor from the Boy Scouts of the Philippines and President Corazon Aquino's Grieving Heart Award for his heroic effort in Cabanatuan City.
  12. 8 and 10 were our age during the time that this disastrous event happened and we were still strangers, then ...
"In front of the house" taken from the personal photo album.

References:

The 1990 Baguio City Earthquake
1990 Luzon earthquake
MAP: Strongest earthquakes in the Philippines
Remembering the 1990 Luzon Earthquake
Remembering July 16, 1990 Killer Earthquake
1990 Luzon earthquake
Baguio earthquake, deadliest in Philippine history, took place 22 years ago


July 1990 Luzon Quake - Baguio 
july 16 1990 Killer Earthquake Kapuso Mo, Jessica Soho 
45 Seconds (In July 16) - Bagiw 
Baguio Earthquake JULY 16, 1990 Hyatt Terraces Baguio 
killer quake 1990 - rosella de leon story 
July 1990 Luzon Earthquake

Tuesday, July 15, 2014

15 July 2014 27th Anniversary of CAR

Last year, as public servants, we were required to participate in the 26th foundation anniversary of the Cordillera Administrative Region. We even participated in a parade and marched up to the gym of Saint Louis University. We also had a mass held in the same university with participants from our agency designated as choir during the mass.

Below are some tidbits regarding the Cordillera Administrative Region.

  1. Proclamation No. 795 declared Tuesday, 15 July 2014 as a Special (Non-Working Day) in the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR) which Executive Secretary Paquito Ochoa Jr. signed in behalf of President Benigno Aquino III last 11 June 2014 to commemorate 27th foundation anniversary of the Cordillera Administrative Region (CAR).
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cordillera_Administrative_Region
  2. The theme for 2014 is “Boosting the Economic Competitiveness of the Cordilleras for ASEAN 2015”.
  3. On 18 June 1966, Republic Act No. 4695 (originally, House Bill No. 4600 which was filed by Congressman Alfredo G. Lam-en in 1963, co-authored by Congressman Luis Hora. House Bill No. 1526 was filed on March 1, 1966 under the joint sponsorship of Congressman Duyan, Congressman Cosalan and Congressman Hora) was enacted to split Mountain Province and create four separate and independent provinces namely Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga-Apayao, and Mountain Province. 
  4. Historically, on 13 September 1986, former President Corazon Aquino met with the representatives of the Cordillera Bodong Administration and the Cordillera People's Liberation Army, presided over the alasiw (exchange of peace tokens) to signify the sipat (cessation of hostilities), and acknowledged their aspirations for Cordillera autonomy.
  5. The revolutionary Marxist priest, Conrado Balweg, who fought for the rights of the Cordillera tribes, began his crusade in Abra and after successfully negotiating a peace accord with Balweg's group in 1987, the Philippine government created the Cordillera Administrative Region, with the creation and signing of Executive Order No. 220 on 15 July 1987 by former President Corazon Aquino.
  6. As per Section 2 of Executive Order No. 220, the territorial coverage shall consist of the provinces of Abra, Benguet, Ifugao, Kalinga-Apayao and Mountain Province and the chartered city of Baguio and the regional center of the CAR shall be Baguio City.
  7. Prior to the formal creation of Cordillera Administrative Region, as a consequence of the constitutional mandate under the 1987 Philippine Constitution, Ifugao and Kalinga-Apayao was loosely under Cagayan Valley while Benguet and Mountain Province was grouped under Ilocos Region.
  8. On 14 February 1995, Kalinga-Apayao, one of the five provinces of the region was split into two separate and independent provinces of Apayao and Kalinga with the enactment of Republic Act No. 7878 (bill authored by Congressman Elias K. Bulut Sr.) which amended the previous Republic Act No. 4695. Its boundaries were called the "great profile" due to the resemblance to the head of former President and strongman Ferdinand Marcos, who approved the province's formation.
    http://www.mapzones.com/maps/philippines/kalinga_apayao.php
  9. After 27 years, for the first time, the commemoration is held outside Baguio City with Abra as the host for 2014.
  10. Also for the first time, exhibits will feature enterprises that maximized technology in product development, said Department of Science and Technology Regional Director Julius Ceasar Sicat who is also the chairman of the Regional Development Council Sectoral Committee on Economic Development.
  11. A Unity Gong Relay which has become part of the Cordillera Month celebration since 2012 began in Abra on 9 July, brought to Baguio City on 10 July, in Mountain Province on 12 July; in Kalinga on 13 July; in Apayao on 14 July 14, then back to Abra on 15 July.  14, then back to Abra on July 15.
    The Unity Gong is a symbol of unity for the region’s pursuit of regional autonomy and development.
  12. CAR is the Philippine's only land-locked region.
Flag of the Cordillera Administrative Region
References:

Monday, July 14, 2014

2014 National Disaster Consciousness Month

The official website of the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) is http://www.ndrrmc.gov.ph/
  1. A disaster is a sudden, calamitous event that seriously disrupts the functioning of a community or society and causes human, material, and economic or environmental losses that exceed the community’s or society’s ability to cope using its own resources. Though often caused by nature, disasters can have human origins. 
  2. The National Disaster Risk Reduction & Management Council (NDRRMC) is a working group of various government, non-government, civil sector and private sector organizations of the Government of the Republic of the Philippines established by Republic Act 10121 of 2009.
  3. The Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act or The Philippine Disaster Act of 2010 which is better known as Republic Act 10121 is “An Act Strengthening the Philippine Disaster Risk Reduction and Management System, Providing for the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Plan, Appropriating Funds, Therefore and Other Purposes”  which was passed and approved on May 27, 2010 after 21 years of revisions and refiling in the two legislative bodies. This new law, unlike the previous Presidential Decree P.D. 1566, is pro-active in giving importance to disaster mitigation and preparedness measures.
  4. NDRRMC is formerly known as the National Disaster Coordinating Council (NDCC).
  5. NDRRMC is administered by the Office of Civil Defense under the Department of National Defense. 
  6. NDRRMC is responsible for ensuring the protection and welfare of the people during disasters or emergencies.
  7. EXECUTIVE ORDER NO. 137 signed by President Joseph Estrada on 10 August 1999 declared the whole month of July of every year as National Disaster Consciousness Month
  8. Proclamation No. 296 dated July 29, 1988, declared the first week of July of every year as Natural Disaster Consciousness Week.
  9. As of 12 May 2014, former Navy chief Alexander Pama is the executive director of the NDRRMC. 
  10. The Climate Change Act of 2009 is a Philippine Law that is related to Disaster Risk Reduction and is also known as Republic Act No. 9729 or the “Act Mainstreaming Climate Change into Government Policy Formulations and Creating the Climate Change Commission, highlights the synergistic action needed in dealing with the climate crisis and in reducing the risk of disasters associated with global climate change” which recognizes the constitutional right of the people to a clean ecology.
  11. Another Philippine Law that is related to Disaster Risk Reduction is Republic Act No. 10174 or the People’s Survival Fund Act which is “An Act Establishing the People’s Survival Fund to provide long-term finance streams to enable the government to effectively address the problem of Climate Change, Amending for the purpose Republic Act. No. 9729, otherwise known as the Climate Change Act of 2009.” and establishing the People’s Survival Fund with an initial P1 billion per year and there will be a People’s Survival Fund board composed of nine members chaired by the Secretary of Finance to provide policy and strategic guidance in the management and the use of the survival fund itself.
  12. For 2014, the theme is “Kahandaan at Kaligtasan ng Pamayanan, Pundasyon ng Kaunluran”.
NDCM 2014 Tarpaulin Design

References:
Department Memorandum No. 2014-0179
Executive Order No. 137, s. 1999
What is a disaster?
disaster
Disaster From Wikipedia 
National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council
NDRRMC-OCD Leads the Celebration of National Disaster Consciousness Month
National Disaster Consciousness Month
July is City Disaster Consciousness month 
Activities for 2014 Disaster Month kick off
July is “National Disaster Consciousness Month”
National Disaster Consciousness Month 2014 Kick-Off Ceremony
NDCM 2014 Tarpaulin Design 

Philippine Laws Related to Disaster Risk Reduction 
REPUBLIC ACT No. 10121 
Philippines_2010_Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 10121
FAST FACTS: The NDRRMC 
NDRRMC Member Agencies
National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council
Eduardo del Rosario named new NDRRMC chief
Ex-Navy chief assumes NDRRMC post 

NewsLife: Former Navy Chief ALexander Pama designated as new OCD-NDRRMC Chief